Gang Culture in the West Essay

721 Words 3 Pages
The presence of the Mexican population in the United States dates back to the 16th century, when people of Spanish, Indian, Mexican, and Anglo backgrounds occupied the region that was then northern Mexico and is currently the American South-west, including parts of what today is Arizona, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah. It is noted that Mexicans comprise the largest modern-day immigrant group and largest immigrant group in American history (sagepub).
Groups identical of gangs are said to have first appeared in the West region as early as the 1890’s. It is proposed that the predecessors of urban gangs in the West were the palomilla (small groups of young Mexican men). These emerging gangs grew within Mexican culture along the immigration trail that began in Mexico and continued along a route through El Paso and Albuquerque, and onward to Los Angeles (sagepub). The first Mexican Los Angeles gangs, the Bogardus called “boy gangs” in 1926, were modeled after the palomilla (StudyingYouthGangs).
Many gangs have arisen since then including Mara Salvatrucha 13 (MS-13). MS-13 was formed in Los Angeles, California in the 1980s by immigrant Salvadorian youth and young adults who were being victimized by other gangs. MS-13 quickly became known as one of the most violent gangs in the area because many of their founding members had experience or training in guerilla warfare, thus gaining a level of sophistication that superseded their rivals.
The MS-13 are more of a cartel if…

More about Gang Culture in the West Essay