Essay about Gang Injunctions

10585 WordsFeb 15, 201443 Pages
1 First California, Then Utah, Should Idaho Follow Suit? Effectiveness and Constitutionality of Gang Injunctions Ryan Jacobsen* TABLE OF CONTENTS I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................ 1 GENERAL STANDARD FOR ISSUING AN INJUNCTION .................................... 3 WHAT IS A CIVIL GANG INJUNCTION? ............................................................... 4 HISTORY AND EFFECTIVENESS OF GANG INJUNCTIONS .............................. 6 A. Brief History ........................................................................................................... 6 B. Effectiveness…show more content…
a, New Mexico, and Illinois.9 It is further estimated that, on average, gang members in the United States commit approximately 50% of total violent crimes, while some states and jurisdictions report much larger percentages.10 California and Illinois, who rank closely with Idaho, report that gang members commit approximately 90% of violent crimes in their states.11 These violent crimes include assault, extortion, home invasions, drug trafficking, homicide, weapons trafficking, intimidation, shootings, etc.12 Other crimes routinely committed by gang members include vandalism, graffiti, personal drug possession, petty theft, and simple assault.13 Law enforcement is also beginning to report a recent evolution in criminal-gang activity from traditional gang crimes to alien smuggling, human trafficking, prostitution, and even white-collar crimes.14 Idaho law enforcement emphasizes that the majority of gang-related crimes in Idaho come from local, neighborhood-based gangs,15 which pose the greatest threat to communities according to the national gang threat assessment—greater than national-level street gangs, prison gangs, and outlaw motorcycle gangs.16 Idaho has a gang task force, known as the Treasure Valley Metro Gang Taskforce, to help tackle the gang violence problem in the Boise area, known as Treasure Valley.17 While gang-related drive-by shootings have become common in Treasure Valley, it is estimated that communities outside that geographical area are only
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