Gang Leader For A Day

957 Words4 Pages
The majority of black communities in 1989 were among the poorest neighbourhoods in Chicago. Approximately 20% of black people were unemployed, compared to only 5.4% of unemployed white people (Street,2007). These statistics represent racial inequality which caused a lot of internal, and external damage to the black population. Rogue Sociologist, Sudhir Venkatesh’s (2008) novel called Gang Leader for a Day, reveals this disparity. In 1989 Sudhir participated in qualitative research, by studying the lives of people from the projects of Chicago. The projects are a subsidized housing development, provided by the government which requires low rent. Sudhir’s research is unique because it provides knowledge, that just statistics could not give. Also it portrays social disorganization in the community, specifically, the Robert Taylor Homes. Shaw and McKay’s social disorganization theory is that crime increases when poverty, ethnic diversity, and constant moving of houses, leads to social disorganization in the community (Sampson&Groves,1989). This paper will discuss how the Robert Taylor Homes support the social disorganization theory, due to an unstable family life, and poor economic conditions. Following, this paper will discuss the ways in which the community challenged disorganization, because of the homogenous population, and lack of mobility.
As the mainstream world in 1989 grew economically, conditions in the projects were contrary. Approximately 96% of the residents in the
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