Gang Membership : Social And Psychological Factors That Influence Becoming A Gang Member

1766 Words Apr 4th, 2016 8 Pages
Gang membership accounts for the rising number of youth and street gangs since the 1950’s, since the development of gangs globally, especially in New Zealand there are significant factors that influences becoming a gang member. There is a range of social and psychological factors that underpin and gain insight into the dynamic gang structure of gangs and how this influences others to become involved in gangs. Research has noted there are push and pull factors that are associated with the theory of ‘multiple marginality’ this theory tackles how groups feel after being left on the boundaries of society, therefore has encouraged them to become involved in deviant behavior. The growth in predominantly Maori gangs such as the Mongrel Mob and Black Power through the 1960’s and 1970’s has caused contrservesity whether ‘multiple marginality’ impacts and is responsible for this issue. However there is no single reason for gang membership, having the ability to understand how the role of social and psychological factors impact the rise in gang membership in New Zealand, is needed to address this concern it is key aspect in addressing the development of present gangs and why they are becoming more dominant in society.

Theory of multiple marginality
Multiple marginality can be defined as the living on the boundaries of society, therefore not being influenced and following the ‘norms’ of society expectations. It is important to make the distinction between predominantly Maori gangs for…
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