Throughout decades, education inequality is still one of the most deliberate and controversial issues in the United States. Thus far, the privilege or right to receive education has not attained the level of equality throughout the nation. Poor districts obtain less educational funds while rich districts obtain more, which create an immense gap between the quality of schools in poor and rich areas. In other words, the education gap is the root of inequality in America. Inequality in education is linked to the major problems in the society. The need for studies to be done to find ways of overcoming these inequalities is very inevitable. The means of mitigating these inequalities are important for the entire world. This is something of great interest due to the fact that children need quality education which is a pillar for a guaranteed future. Generally speaking, the distinctions among races, genders, and classes in the society have caused the educational inequality in America.
In the article, Education and Schooling: You Can Have One Without the Other, Mwalimu J. Shujaa of the State University of New York discusses the importance of learning that there is a difference between schooling and education. Can education exist without schooling or vice versa? Shujaa’s article gives an insight into the conjunction of schooling and education and how they impact the culture of African Americans.
About 93.52 percent of males and 95.61 percent of females above fifteen years old can read and write. (table ref 9). Moreover, based on a study by the OECD, investment in education in Mexico has been increasing considerably since the early 2000s. Mexico has been spending above the OECD average on educational institutions. As in 2015, government expenditure on primary, secondary, and tertiary education was 4% of GDP, OECD´s average being 3.8%. However, these efforts are still not enough to rank Mexico as the highest in Latin America. Countries such as Argentina, Chile, and Colombia have a higher percentage of their GDP invested in education. In addition, the proportion of students enrolled in public education is the highest of all Latin American Countries, table *ref10*public vs private ed. Enrollment in private education is low in primary and secondary levels, but in the tertiary level is considerably high. In fact, annual expenditure per student at the tertiary level goes up to 46 percent of GPD per capita. OECD´s average being 41 percent. Although these numbers are encouraging sings, according to the OECD, most Mexicans have a low educational attainment and the adults who have at least completed upper secondary education is the second smallest among OECD countries (Turkey being the smallest of
“The socioeconomic achievement gap in education refers to the inequality in academic achievement between groups of students. The achievement gap shows up in grades, standardized test scores, course selection, dropout rates, and college-completion rates, among other success measures” (Ansell, 2017). Typically, when discussing the achievement gap, educators are comparing the academic progress of African-American students or Hispanic students to the progress of white students. More-often-than-not the white students will have more educational achievements than their non-white colleagues (Ansell, 2017). The most widely accepted theory as to why students with higher socioeconomic status (SES) do better academically is high parental involvement, access to economic resources and access to highly qualified teachers (Huang, 2015. Pg.6). Students of low socioeconomic status often live in poverty. This means that the student may not have sufficient school supplies or even someone at home to help him with his homework. There are numerous children in the United States’ school systems that are failing due to the achievement gap. These students are at a disadvantage because the school systems and teachers do not notice or even care about their home life and how it comes into play in their education. It is important for our nation to not only understand the achievement gap but take steps toward correcting it.
For the first century of the United States, Congress had a restricted but active position in education, which expanded after the Civil War in 1865. At that time, the federal government mandated new union states to offer free public schools and established an early form of the Department of Education. From the late 1930s to the early 1990s, the Supreme Court's opposition to congressional power decreased, clearing the way for a greater federal role in education. The federal role in education increased as Congress provided funding for the construction of schools, teacher salaries, and school lunch programs. However, this assistance was geared toward wealthier school districts, which negatively impacted poorer, urban schools (Martin, 2012).
Education is something that plays a huge role in the world we live in today. If you receive a good education, you can get very far in life. Most people have the dream of one day owning their own business and/or having their dream job, but some people don’t have the luxury of having this path laid out right in front of them. In some of the very poor countries, like Haiti, receiving a quality education is hard. Unlike in the United States, education in Haiti is an honor. Education is not a top priority in Haiti because they have so many economic issues. Most of the population of Haiti never had the chance to attend school, and then out of the ones that did most dropped out and never made it to primary school. The poor families in Haiti need their children to work instead of attending class. This is just the beginning on understanding how the economy in Haiti affects the amount of schooling children receive.
Amongst many social justice issues, educational inequity continues to dramatically affect the nation's youth in the long term. However, for some students the ability to access a quality primary education provided by public schools depends on the students socioeconomic bearing. The insufficient availability of essential resources, opportunities, and funding creates a hurdle to access a higher quality education. This reiterates that a higher education creates a step forward in the education system to close the achievement gap.
These systemic obstacles that create circumstances that hinder the education attainment of the poor can be changed, their limits lessened, by positive actions to elevate living conditions – given the school system promotes and
Education is always indispensable, and every development comes from education. For example, the progression of manufacturing or devising the robot, phone and computer all establish in education. Without education, people could not have an advantageous life. In other words, the developments, convenient substances and achievements are from education. However, the society has been converting into complicated, and some inequalities and issues from education relate to income and the situation of families and communities which will beget achievement gap. For instance, The Facts about the Achievement Gap written by Diane Ravitch, mentions: “The children at the wrong end of the gap are likelier to attend schools in overcrowded classrooms with inadequate
The education gap was bred by two factors: the delegation of educational responsibility to states and the diversity of race and socioeconomic class in America. The Tenth Amendment to the United States Constitution reserves all powers not explicitly delegated to the federal government to the states. Thus, education is placed under the rule of the individual states. As a result, educational standards vary across the country. The diversity of race and socioeconomic class, in addition to the varying standards, influences school systems. From this educational gap grew a _____ of unused human capacity, resulting in a seemingly permanent recession.
Education is provided to people who come from all economic backgrounds. However, not everyone is able to use the education system to the best of their abilities. For example, children who live in poor situations might not be able to focus only on their studies such as taking up a job to help support their families. Moreover, it’s a fact that the areas that have a higher income generally often have a better schooling system. This might be arising from donations from local families and from a better economic structure in the area. A higher social class has advantages to access to resources such as tutors, private lessons, private schools and higher quality public schools. On the other hand, children in lower socioeconomic classes might live in impoverished, stressful environments with fewer resources.
In the article, “The Education Inequality Struggle” published by The Huffington Post, Marian Wright Edlemen discusses a new act by Congress, The Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) that serves to replace the No Child Left Behind Act. The purpose of the No Child Left Behind Act was to add need federal accountability in regards to the desegregation and equalization of education along with fiscal accountability. However, the No Child Left Behind Act failed to address the scholarly performance of children. ESSA is designed to track student performance by traits known to affect education; race, gender, ethnicity, disability, and language. At the same time, individual states create plans for education that have to be approved federally. Based on these
“Education leads to a brighter future.” Quite a clichéd phrase, actually. So popular, that people tend to forget the true significance of it. It is known that Latin America faces numerous problems that makes looking into the future a discouraging view; but we fail to realize the lack of education may be the root of these issues, including violence, unemployment and poverty. Even though education is widely available in Latin America, people are not yet engrained with the idea that education can be a facilitator for a superior life. Economic issues that stem from unemployment and poverty have led to the notion that education is wasted time that could be better spent
As a result of poverty and marginalization, more than 72 million children around the world remain unschooled. Sub-Saharan Africa is the most affected area with over 32 million children of primary school age remaining uneducated. Central and Eastern Asia, as well as the Pacific, are also severely affected by this problem with more than 27 million uneducated children. In addition, these regions must also resolve continuing problems of educational poverty (a child in education for less than 4 years) and extreme educational poverty (a child in education for less than 2 years) (Omwami & Keller, 2010).
Education comes with social benefits as well which can improve the situation of the poor, such as lower fertility and improved health care of children ("Poverty and Education"). "Poor people are often unable to obtain access to an adequate education, and without an adequate education people are often constrained to a life of poverty." - Servaas Van Der Berg. The absolutely poor in developing countries have low education levels. Some may not even have access to primary education or may not have completed their primary education, not realizing that it is important to reduce poverty. Education is often poorly measured, and the impacts do not always show up as statistically significant in cross- country growth regressions (Levine & Renelt, 1992). Africa’s education crisis makes media headlines and analysis by the Brookings Center for Universal Education (CUE) explains why this needs to change. Progress towards universal primary education has come to a halt and learning levels of children who are in school are poor as well. Using a Learning Barometer, CUE estimates that 61 million African children will reach adolescence lacking even the most basic literacy and numeracy skills, this will deprive a whole generation of opportunities to develop and escape poverty ("Poverty, Education, & Opportunity").