Gap In Prisons

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Research gap (in Indian context)
Prisons earlier known as "house of captives" have been the part of the Indian society since ancient period. It was believed that separation and isolated custodial measure under authority would change the wrongdoer. But the conditions of the prisons were inhumane. After many reviews of the various committees, with the appointment of All India Jail Committee (1919-1920), a comprehensive study was launched which proved to be landmark in the prison reforms of the country. For the first time, in the history of prison administration, reformation and rehabilitation of offenders were identified as one of the objectives of prison administration.
Today many recreational activities are carried out in Indian jails
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Overcrowding adversely affect the health of the prisoners. Proper segregation is also required to reduce the danger of moral contamination. Also, delay in trials, ignorance of cleanliness and mental wellbeing of the inmates further aggravates the criminal environment in the jail. Infrastructure provided for the recreational facilities are also not up to the mark, like libraries are often under stocked. It is the need for the hour that Indian prison system must follow the path of scientific method and proved methods in the rehabilitation of offenders taking into consideration its macro and micro environment and larger welfare of the society as a whole.
It seems apparent that punishment only is not, the important part of criminal justice system. Now, correctional services all around the world is appreciating the importance of providing the prisoners with appropriate guidance and services that can assist them in re-entering the society in a better and more effective way post release from the prisons. Rehabilitation is not only a more humane approach toward criminal justice, but also cost effective and beneficial for prisoners and society at a large.
(Law Dictionary: Three Types of Rehabilitation for Offenders)
The paper studied literature on best practice principles in rehabilitation of offenders.
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