In “A Rounded Version: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences”, Howard Gardner illustrates how there are a variety of intelligences. Gardner starts off with an example how IQ tests may predict achievement in school but may not predict achievement in life. After finding out certain parts of the brain are responsible for certain functions, such as “Broca’s Area” which is responsible for sentence production, Gardner proposes the existence of multiple intelligences. Multiple studies later led him to propose seven distinct intelligences; Musical, bodily-kinesthetic, logical-mathematical, linguistic, spatial, interpersonal, and intrapersonal. Each intelligence has certain classifications. According to Gardner’s classifications, I realized my intelligences are bodily-kinesthetic, logical-mathematical, and intrapersonal.
‘‘Gardner’s multiple intelligences theory can be used for curriculum development, planning instruction, selection of course activities, and related assessment strategies. Instruction which is designed to help students develop their strengths can also trigger their confidence to develop areas in which they are not as strong. Students’ multiple learning preferences can be addressed when instruction includes a range of meaningful and appropriate methods, activities, and assessments. Gardner’s early work in psychology and later in human cognition and human potential’ led to the development of the initial six intelligences. Today there are nine intelligences and the possibility of others may eventually expand the list. These intelligences (or competencies) relate to a person’s unique aptitude set of capabilities and ways they might prefer to demonstrate intellectual abilities’’ ( (Armstrong, T., 2010). Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences
The third intelligences is visual/spatial. These students can formulate pictures and models in their mind. They are good with painting and sculpting art, and teachers allow students to express this through art projects, charts, and video software (2004).
Have you ever wondered what your intelligence is based on Howard Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences theory? Howard Gardner first proposed the Multiple Intelligence theory in 1983 and the theory states that “traditional psychometric views of intelligence are too limited” (“Which type”). Gardner’s theory consists of eight multiple intelligences categorized as visual-spatial, linguistic-verbal, logical-mathematical, bodily-kinesthetic, musical, interpersonal, intrapersonal, and naturalistic. Gardner believes that “people do not have just an intellectual capacity, but have many different intelligences” within themselves (“Which type”). Every person learns differently, takes in knowledge differently, and responds differently. No person is the
In 1983 the researcher and professor at Harvard University named Howard Gardner proposed a new sight of intelligence that has been highly received since its publication, so being incorporated in school curricula all over the country. Gardner suggests his theory of multiple intelligences, a theory that identified the dominant definition of intelligence as restricted to mathematical and linguistic abilities (verbal and computational intelligences). Gardner theorized that instead of just these two intelligences, a grouping of seven intelligences more correctly explains for the diversity of ways in which people receive and utilize knowledge (Sternberg & Lubart, 1991).
Dr. Howard Gardner also the Professor of Education at Harvard University developed the theory of Multiple Intelligences in 1983 (Campbell 12). This principle is well known to most teachers. Although people disagree with his theory, Gardner believes that rather than a single intelligence, we acquire all seven intelligences in different amounts. All seven Gardner’s intelligences should be incorporated in every lesson, to include; linguistic, logical-mathematical, body kinesthetic, spatial, musical, interpersonal, and intrapersonal.
Ever since Spearman proposed the intelligence theory with G factor, there were several other intelligence theories proposed in response or as an alternative to Spearman’s. Among those, Sternberg’s Triarchic Theory of Intelligence and Gardner’s Multiple Intelligence Theory would be the most influential ones as they are widely accepted and used in real life. Both of the theories share a critical view towards the unitary perspective which is the traditional definition of intelligence. However, the two theories differ in which they don’t agree with what factors should be the measures of intelligence, as well as the emphasis of the two theories.
In his book Frame of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences, Gardner proposes that there are eight distinct types of intelligences: Visual/spatial, verbal/linguistic, logical/mathematical, kinesthetic, musical,
Some common misconceptions about the multiple intelligences theory are the belief that students that fall under one type of intelligence cannot benefit from another and that multiple intelligences and learning styles are the same thing. Addressing the first issue, it is incorrect to think that someone who has a certain intelligence will not find value from utilizing an intelligence outside of their own. In fact, Gardner says it’s the opposite, the occasional use of other intelligences can strengthen one’s learning because it forces them to think
#3 Understanding how a student may think and learn can be effective in enhancing education. Instructors can realistically pair a pleasing stimulus to each task in an appropriate way. Teaching different techniques can also improve the curriculum. Activities such as board games that may contain working with numbers and spatial relationships can give students a developmental
As stated in our reading there a total of 8 multiple intelligences developed by Howard Gardner. Each type of intelligence is not the same for every person. Everyone has their own unique personality and therefore has their own style of learning or retaining information provided to them. There are certain surveys you can take in order to determine where your particular intelligences fall. I have taken one of these surveys and have chosen three of my top intelligences to explore further and to determine what skills in each type of intelligence are most effective for me to retain new information, not only in my education but
He also mentioned how this theory caused a profound impact on education and proposes a major transformation in the way our schools are run. It suggests the importance of training teachers to present their lessons in a wide variety of ways using music, cooperative learning, art activities, role play, multimedia, field trips, inner reflection, and much more.
“Good teaching is a skillful blend of artistic and scientific elements. Teaching as an art involves beliefs, emotions, values and flexibility, while teaching as a science utilizes instructional practices that are proven by research to improve student achievement” (Snowman and Biehler, 2006). According to (Peters, R.) teaching can involve formal methods of instruction as well as informal ways of organizing things so that children will be led to discover things for themselves. According to (Manning, H. 2003, p. 11) “A teacher is the one to impart knowledge to students in different ways to assist learning.” Teaching factors are considered if something must be accomplished. It is practically stating that teaching is what is being taught, who
According to the originator of multiple intelligences theory, Howard Gardner, however, intelligence can be defined in three ways, namely a property of all human beings; a dimension on which human beings differ; and the ways in which one carries out a task in virtue of one 's goals. (Donovan McFarlane)
I used different strategies to engage my learners and to keep the lesson interesting such as different voice modulation, body movements and questions from time to time. In an article written by Rhiana Quick, she says that different students respond to stimuli in different ways, so it is vital to be able to identify the types of learners in the classroom and proceed with lesson plans that can cater to different pupils. Also, I have taken into account the Multiple Intelligences developed by Howard Gardner to further tap their strengths to help them learn more effectively.