Gastroesophageal Reflux is Normal for Infants, Children, and Adults

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Definition Gastroesophageal reflux is considered a normal physiological process in healthy infants, children and adults. Most episodes last less that 3 minutes and most occur 30-60 min after meals and with reclining positions. GERD is present when the symptoms, more than twice a week, cause troublesome symptoms or complication (Cash, 2011, pp. 200). These complications can occur with severe, frequent, and persistent acid reflux causing inflammation, ulcers, and scarring. GERD can also lead to changes in the cells lining the esophagus, known as Barrett's esophagus, these changes raise the risk of esophageal cancer. Pathogenesis GERD is relaxation or incompetence of the lower esophagus persisting beyond the newborn period. Relaxation of the…show more content…
Location of the pain? Precipitating factors-what cause it? Alleviating factors-what stops it? What are the associated symptoms? Quality of the pain on a scale of 1-10? Radiation- where else do you feel the pain? How severe is it? Timing/duration-how long does the pain last? How often do you get these symptoms? These questions are aimed at identifying the risk of GERD and ruling out symptoms of heart disease Common GERD Symptoms Do you ever have a bitter or sour taste in your mouth? Do you ever have bloating or nausea after you eat? How often do you regurgitate in a week and when does it happen?
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