The second bacterium was gram positive. There are three tests that are used to identify gram positive bacteria. The three tests are hemolyses on blood agar, Mannitol fermentation on mannitol salt agar, and the coagulase test using plasma-containing serum in coagulase tubes.
The purpose of the following study is to determine where the two unknown bacteria acquired in Microbiology lab should be classified in regards to temperature, pH level, and osmoregularity. It is important to classify bacteria in order to identify them. Identification of bacteria is important because they are not only useful but potentially dangerous as well. The identification of bacteria can lead to breakthroughs in healthcare regarding treatment of old and new diseases alike. Identifying bacteria can also be used in many other areas from better crop production through microbial pesticides to biological warfare. Their uses are endless as are their abilities to evolve and adapt to changing environments. That is why it is so important
The sole purpose of this project was to identify an unknown bacteria sample #7. Many tests were carried out to determine what this unknown was. Aside from a microbiology lab, understanding and identifying various organisms are important in disease processes, pharmaceutical arenas, and even in the industrial field. Proper lab techniques, including aseptic technique were used throughout the process of identification.
There are many reasons for identifying an unknown bacterium. The purpose of this exercise was to identify an unknown bacterium from a liquid culture. We chose our unknown bacteria from a rack of test tubes with several different species of bacteria inside. I wanted to pick an unknown bacteria with a number easy to remember so I pick the test tube labeled “745”. Procedures were followed as stated in the lab manual written by Dr. Pedro J.A. Gutierrez.
This experiment was conducted to find the genus and species of an unknown bacteria prescribed by the lab teacher, which was unknown bacteria GA3 in my case. Identification of unknown bacteria techniques are used on an every day basis to figure out what type of bacteria it is and to find the best method of how to treat a patient with this bacteria (1). All five “I’s” of Microbiology were used in the testing for the unknown culture. Inoculation was used several times to put the unknown culture into agar plates or into biochemical test tubes. After Inoculation of these tubes or plates, they always were placed into the incubator for further growth and development. Isolation was used to make sure we got the correct bacteria we were testing for. After each further isolation, we gram stained the culture and inspected the culture under a microscope to further help in the identification process of the unknown bacteria. Multiple tests were done on the unknown culture to make sure we were confident in what kind of bacteria the unknown was.
The following tests according to the lab manual were performed: gram stain, fermentation tubes, methyl red, vogues proskauer, sulfur, indole, motility and growing it up on MacConkey agar. The gram stain was performed incorrectly the first time. This is because the decolorizer was not on the bacterium slide for long enough, giving a false outcome.
Preliminary studies help identify Genus species of bacteria. Two different preliminary study pathways must be used since two different pathogens were found in the sample. A dilution and a quadrant streak are the ideal methods to separate pure cultures of bacteria. MacConkey Agar and CAN (MAC) is a selective media that is used for the cultivation of gram negative bacteria. (PEA) is a selective media that is used
Read in your lab manual about the following agar mediums: Blood Agar (pg 168), EMB Agar (pg 170), Mannitol Salt Agar (MSA)(pg 172) ), MacConkey Agar (pg 174), and PEA Agar (pg 176) to answer the following:
The test tube was labeled with the bacteria identifying number. The cap on test tube was removed, and the lip of the test tube was flamed. Next, the Bunsen burner was used to sterilize the inoculating loop. Then, bacteria were picked up from the working plate with the loop and the agar was inoculated. The loop was then re-flamed. Finally, the plate was placed in the 37˚C incubator and left to sit for 48 hours and any changes in color were observed. A negative result appears green, and a positive result appears blue. This is because it tests for the organism’s ability to use citrate as its sole source of carbon, and if it does then it produces ammonia and ammonium hydroxide which make the medium basic, changing the green agar blue (Leboffe & Pierce,
You can grow microorganisms in liquid media or on solid media. Most bacteria can be grown in labs as long as the media contain a source of the major nutrients; carbon, nitrogen, sulphur, and phosphorous. They may also need to have other nutrients. These nutrients are made into a broth and the pH and salinity can be adjusted. The nutrient broth is placed in test tubes, which are plugged with cotton wool, capped with foil and then sterilised in an autoclave, at 121c for 20minutes. These tubes are then cooled before they are inoculated. To prepare the streak plates we dipped an inoculating loop into ethanol then placed it in the flame until the loop glowed red. Still holding the inoculating loop by its handle we removed the lid from
An unknown bacterium was handed out by the lab instructor. The methods that have been learned so far in identifying bacteria were applied to this unknown. Procedures were followed as stated in the lab manual and biochemical test handouts. The first procedure that was done was a gram stain followed by a streak of the unknown on a TSA plate in order to determine the gram reaction and observe the colony morphology. After that, specific biochemical tests were performed for gram positive, since unknown number five was determined to be gram positive rod. The other tests were performed in this order: Mannitol Salt (MSA) streak, Blood Agar streak, Catalase test, Nitrate Reduction test, and Phenyl
The main objective was to identify an unknown organism by utilizing skills we learned in our labs this semester. The purpose was to attain the possible identity of the unknown organism by actually performing biochemical tests and staining techniques we learned in lab. After performing and analyzing the results, we were able to use Bergey’s Manual of Systemic Bacteriology as a guideline to narrow down the genus of our organism test by test.
The purpose of this lab was to identify an unknown microorganism using lab techniques. The importance of identifying microorganisms is essential to the survival of humans, expansion of modern day medicine and improvement of quality of life. In 1884, Hans Christian Gram designed a differential staining technique to identify bacteria that would change the future of microbiology. He give rise to a staining process, known as the Gram stain to differentiate microorganisms into two groups between positive and negative gram staining microorganisms. The Gram stain is essential in a lab technique as it distinguishes the cells based on the physical properties of the individual cell walls, and is almost always the first test preformed to differentiate a microorganism. The identification of weather a microorganism is gram positive or negative can revel the bacteria’s virulence, cell wall structure, resistance to antibiotics, resistance to physical disruptions and so much more. In order to identify the unknown provided, unknown #27, the Gram stain was the first test preformed. After discovering that the unknown bacterium was indefinitely a gram positive microorganism, the vast possibilities were narrowed down. However, In order to more definitively identify the unknown, the next step was to preform biochemical tests. A biochemical test identifies metabolic
The purpose of the bacterial unknown independent study experiment completed throughout the course of this lab was to determine the identity of an unknown bacterial species. The unknown bacteria sample was chosen from numerous samples provided by the instructor. The starting unknown sample, unknown #15 was a mixed bacterial culture and a broad approach taken to identify the sample. Various biochemical tests were completed to identify the bacterial species along with the use of databases such as Gideon and Bergey’s to compare the test results of known bacteria to the results of the unknown sample. Information was gathered from the other sources and databases and phenotypic testing completed and the results compared to the database results. Aseptic
A fresh pipette was used to transfer 0.5ml of broth culture of E. coli, to be inoculated, into a tube of molten agar previously boiled to drive off oxygen. The tube was then rolled to distribute the bacteria and allowed time for the agar to harden. The tube was incubated at 37oC for 48 hours. The procedure was repeated for broth cultures of the bacterium Clostridium sporogenes and B. Subtilis.