Gender And Gender Development Model

959 Words Nov 12th, 2015 4 Pages
More often than not, people will define gender as the biological sex that a person was ascribed at birth and subsequently took on the role of that gender in society. Sigmund Freud initially tried to explain the development of gender using a model called the ‘Psychosocial Development Model’, which he concluded that after the protestation of the oral and anal stages, we begin a stage he refers to as the ‘genital stage’, and believes that this is when children begin to identify as either male or female. Freud believed that this lead the child to reject the parents that were of the opposite gender, and to begin to subscribe to the roles similar to those that the parent with the same sex partakes in. It’s suggested the boys will desist any amount of femininity, while girls consider themselves similar to their mother figures, and maintain a high level of femininity. The idea of ‘penis envy’ comes from a thought derived from Freud’s idea of gender development, due to a girls realization that she is biologically unequipped to have sexual intimacy with other females, specifically her mother. These ideas of gender development suggest that gender and sex are completely cohesive. Undoubtedly, there are flaws within Freud’s model of development, which include the thought that sex and gender are one in the same and rejecting the idea that homosexuality is not part of gender development, but rather seen as an abnormality. Despite the fact that this structure of gender growth has flaws, it…
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