Gender As A Product Of Socialisation

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Australian sociologist, Connell, has provided theories in order to aid in understanding the way in which gender is manifested and shapes the experience of illness. Her Gender, Health and Theory publication ultimately views gender as a product of socialisation (Connell, 2012). According to Connell, Gender is seen as “the active social process that brings reproductive bodies into history, generating health consequences not as a side-effect but in the making of gender itself” (Connell, 2012, p.1675). Her work ultimately emphasises that gender differences are formed by the expectations of society, confining the ways in which males and females should act (Connell, 2012). Connell’s Masculinities theory furthers this concept. She defines masculinity as a set of perceived notions and principles about the way in which men should or are expected to act (Connell, 1995). She highlights that society dictates ways of being masculine and “unmasculine,” with “unmasculine” typically insinuating femininity (Connell, 1995). She also argues that “the terms “masculine” and “feminine” point beyond categorical sex difference to the ways men differ among themselves, and women differ among themselves, in matters of gender” (Connell, 1995, p.69). Masculinities are often favored over femininities, as men in general are paid better, enjoy more social freedom and hold other benefits that women do not due to their gender (Connell, 1995). Therefore, women as a group typically lack the societal power that
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