Gender Bias And The Scientific Process And Content Of Research

831 WordsMay 2, 20174 Pages
Masculine bias infiltrates the scientific process and content of research in several ways. In this paper, the focus is on masculine bias through research on gender differences in evolutionary and endocrinological science. Though somewhat outdated examples, Longino and Doell’s (L&D) paper Body, Bias, and Behavior: A Comparative Analysis of Reasoning in Tow Areas of Biological Science provides a structure of analysis that can be applied to other areas of science. They analyze the role of facts, evidence, and hypothesis to identify areas vulnerable to masculine bias. L&D posit that there is a distance between the evidence and the hypothesis the evidence is to confirm. This distance is a point of entry for masculine bias. In addition,…show more content…
At the time, the earth’s placement at the center of the universe was central to our uniqueness in the universe. To say that the earth was not the center of the universe would be to say that humans are not unique. This ties into the psychological issues of bias in that choosing to keep the earth at the center of the universe preserved our uniqueness and presented massive roadblocks for the heliocentric model. Tying this in to evolutionary studies, there is a wide-ranging consensus that males are largely responsible for the development of the human species. However, L&D point out that this is likely related to our patriarchal and androcentric beliefs. Last, there are logical issues that arise with theory choice. L&D explore the issue of evidence, what counts as evidence, and how evidence is applied to a hypothesis. This is a major factor in the analysis of masculine bias in evolutionary biology. Diving deeper into the analysis, L&D address facts, evidence, and hypothesis in the scientific process. This analysis presents areas where values can enter the scientific process. To start, facts are presented in terms of singular facts, general facts, simple facts, and complex facts. Our ability to describe the things, or facts, we see in the world are limited by our senses, individual nervous system, and the language used to describe our experience (Longino & Doell, 208). There is more going on than we realize either because it
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