Gender Differences Between Psychological Androgyny Masculinity And Femininity Scores

1722 Words Dec 14th, 2014 7 Pages
Abstract

This study aimed to test the idea that there are gender differences in psychological androgyny masculinity and femininity scores. Two hundred and twenty nine first year undergraduates (175 females and 54 males), completed one questionnaire measuring masculinity and femininity - Bems sex role inventory (BSRI). Results were analysed using independent t-tests, which revealed that males scored higher than females on the masculinity scores, whereas females scored higher compared with males on the femininity scores. Results lend support for the idea that gender differences do exist in psychological androgyny. Knowing that males and females may differ on these constructs will hopefully lead to a greater appreciation and understanding within society.

Introduction

Research into gender differences in psychological androgyny has been an ongoing investigation throughout many years. One line of interest investigates whether gender identity is now being recognised as psychologically androgynous, as societies are perhaps now becoming less stereotyped. ‘Gender identity’ is an individual’s awareness of the extent to which they conform to their prescribed gender role (Burke, Stets and Pirog-Good 1988;Spence 1985). ‘Psychological Androgyny’ is an individual who has simultaneously or equally masculine or feminine traits (Bem, 1975). Considerable research has been conducted within this area and has found that psychological androgyny is constructive…
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