Gender Distinction Between Sex And Gender

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Three objectives will be tried to achieve in this paper: 1) Explicate the distinction between sex and gender. 2) I will go through the Sally Haslanger’s argument which supports the distinction, and Rachel Williams’ argument which objects the sex and gender distinction. 3) I will examine that the necessity of having the sex and gender distinction in the society. I suggest that the necessity of having the sex and gender distinction is perspective-sensitive, which means that the necessity of having the distinction is different under different perspectives. I will examine the necessity in two perspectives: i) personal, and ii) social. I claim that the people do not necessarily need the S/G (sex and gender) distinction in the personal…show more content…
In this concept of S/G, it is possible to have cases that there is a female- man or male-woman since sex and gender are distinct (Haslanger 2). In Rachel Williams’ article, she has similar definition of Sex as Haslenger but different in the definition of gender. Williams defines that sex is the “biological sex”, and gender is “psychological sex” or “gender identity” (Williams 1). To clarify, I interpret Wiliiams’ definition of gender as one’s self-identification of one’s gender, which means the gender of a person is depended on how one identifies oneself. Williams uses a case of transgender to illustrate the S/G distinction; she illustrates that one can conceive a trans woman who can have a physical body of male and identify herself as a woman, and vice versa (1).
Haslanger’s argument in supporting the S/G distinction In Haslanger’s argument, having the S/G distinction is important to pursue social justice in a society. She states that the contemporary structure of the gender causes social injustice such as men-domination, oppression to women, etc. Haslanger thinks that the contemporary concept of gender need to be redefined in a way that people can be gendered with no oppression happening, and this redefined structure of gender provides not only a social status to people but also a “non-hierarchically grounded gender identities” (Haslanger 6); which means that people can be gendered in the sense that no gender is more supreme than other genders (6). For sex,
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