(American Psychological Association ) "Recently however, the APA announced that it would be replacing GID with gender dysphoria, which will be defined as a “marked incongruence between one’s experienced/expressed gender and assigned
Discussion of issues related to non-normative sexual and gender identities as related to mental health began in the 19th century (Drescher, 2010). Initially medical and psychiatric providers viewed issues related to gender identity as resulting from delusional thought processes (Drescher, 2010). As a result the concept of surgery as a solution to gender identity differences was viewed as unnecessary and ultimately an incorrect form of treatment (Drescher, 2010). In 1952 the first gender reassignment surgery was performed in Denmark on an American citizen (Drescher, 2010). The publicity in the American media that followed this surgery brought the concept of gender identity to the public eye. During the 1960s research about gender identity started to develop and it was the work of Money, Stoller, Benjamin, and Green that ultimately change professional and public concept of Gender Identity (Drescher, 2010). These four individuals were among the first to conduct clinical and academic research on gender identity and gender roles (Drescher, 2010). As a result of their research beliefs about non-normative gender identity shifted from a problem of the mind to a biological disorder that was fixed and should be treated with
In class, we have learned and discussed how during the period of adolescence, it is known that this is the period of time where individuals are finding themselves and figuring out where they belong. It is during this time where individuals are the most sensitive and personal problems tend to arise more commonly during this stage. A major issue adolescents struggle during this stage is gender identity and sexuality. Adolescents are trying to figure out who they are attracted to and how they perceive themselves to be. While the norm is to identify oneself as their biological gender, there are those who develop gender dysphoria. Gender dysphoria is a reoccurring feeling that one’s biological gender is the opposite of one’s sexual identity (Cole,
“One’s sense of gender resides in the brain” (“Gender Identity Disorder”), and this sense of gender is often there before you are born. Dr. Eric Vilain, a professor at the University of California, “identifies fifty-four genes that play a role in the expression of sex in a fetus before hormones are even released” (Windfeild 71&73). One of the biggest mental health issues that are out there is gender identity disorder which “may be as old as humanity (“Gender identity Disorder”). This disorder cause a person, normally a kid, to have a feeling of being the opposite sex . Another reason people need to be aware of people who have gender identity disorder is because if they feel as if they are not safe they may turn to a thing like suicide. “Suicide attempts and substance abuse are common” (“GID”) in people with Gender Identity Disorder. This is so because they often grow up feeling out of place or rejected by family and friends. To help with the mental health of these people with GID people should learn more about
Amongst disorders of modern day psychiatry, gender dysphoria (GD) is one of the more controversial diagnoses (Comer, 2014). The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2013) defines GD, previously listed as gender identity disorder (GID), as “a marked incongruence between one’s experienced/expressed gender and assigned gender, of at least 6 months duration” (as cited in APA, 2013, p. 452). Individuals with GD generally feel extreme discomfort around their assigned gender, and have a desire to change their social identity and/or secondary sex characteristics to more closely resemble those of the other gender (Comer, 2014). Treatments for GD include psychotherapy, hormone therapy, and sexual reassignment surgery.
According to Pheil & Pheil (2005), gender identity disorders are those which stem not from the sociological pressures of conforming to certain gender traits but, instead from an internal sense or incorrect gender assignment. As Pheil & Pheil indicate, "this cross-gender identification must not merely be a desire for any perceived cultural advantages of being the other sex. There must also be evidence of persistent discomfort about one's assigned sex or a sense of inappropriateness in the gender role of that sex" (Pheil & Pheil. 1)
Gender Dysphoria is described as “the condition of feeling one's emotional and psychological identity as male or female to be opposite to one's biological sex.” according to google.For me, it's knowing that during any moment there's a chance that I will experience some kind of dysphoria in relation to my body and expression. I've never really thought about my gender because I didn't have the vocabulary to describe how I felt. I identify as genderfluid; it took me all of high school to discover and accept this about myself. It wasn’t until one of my classmates came out as a non-binary trans boy, that I started to find the words to how I’ve been feeling.
When someone is subjected to gender roles and they are having problems with their gender identity it can because something called Gender Dysphoria. This is when someone’s gender identity does not connect with the gender roles of their assigned sex. These roles feel virtually unreachable, sometimes they might not even want to fit these roles.
While gender dysphoria is not necessarily a mental illness in itself, more than 71% of people with gender dysphoria develop another mood disorder in their lifetime, such as anxiety, depression, substance abuse, eating disorders, and/or suicidal thoughts (WebMD). Children are especially affected, and according to the American Psychiatric Association, many adolescents find themselves alone and rejected, and are oftentimes unable to shower or wear a bathing suit. Many even undertake self-harm behaviors. The significant distress caused by dysphoria must persist for 2 years for a diagnosis to be made and treatment to begin. Treatment usually includes a social and physical transition into the gender the patient feels that they are. A social transition almost always includes correct bathroom
Gender Dysphoria is defined by a person who emotionally and psychologically identifies themselves as the opposite sex. Transgender is the commonly used term to label individuals who are diagnosed with this disorder. They experience serious discomfort of the genitals they were assigned at birth. For example, if you were born as a male, later on in your toddler stages of childhood you’d feel uncomfortable playing with masculine toys or being part of the boys team in P.E. popular sayings would be “I have a girl’s mind but a boy’s body” Or “I was born in the wrong body”. Due to the lack of research and stubborn individuals in society who discriminate against transgendered people, children who have Gender Dysphoria are conflicted and misguided on
With the new age of technology and the incredibly fast ways anyone can access information, having conversations about controversial social topics is not uncommon. When talking about the grey area that is sex and gender, the argument of gender dysphoria and the surgery that goes behind it is questioned. Gender dysphoria, often the biological condition that goes behind gender reassignment surgery, is a health condition that emanates when one lives with ongoing feelings of being physically incongruous with his or her birth sex. The general public is divided in the situation, either against the surgery and the transgender population, or advocates of the medical advancements that society has achieved. There are an abundance of components and processes that goes into sex reassignment surgery (SRS), ranging from physical surgeries to the psychological and hormonal changes amid the various procedures and practices.
Gender dysphoria causes high amounts of mental stress on individuals even after a sex reassignment surgery. Taking the stress of individuals experiencing gender dysphoria into account it is not hard to see the connection with other psychiatric disorders. Over the course of the study
Living a life feeling out of place, with the wrong feelings, and in the wrong body, for a person with Gender Identity Disorder, this is how they feel day to day. According to the DSM-IV-TR, Gender Identity Disorder is characterized by a strong, persistent cross-gender identification, persistent discomfort with his or her sex or sense of inappropriateness in their gender role of that sex. According to the American Psychiatric Association (APA), children, adolescents and adults who exhibit a preoccupation with getting rid of or losing their primary and secondary sex characteristics, associated with different mannerisms and actions of the opposite sex; while holding a belief that he or she was born the wrong sex are believed to be classified
This paper summarizes the criteria and research on Gender Dysphoria (GD). GD is a marked incongruence between one’s experienced or expressed gender and assigned gender, of at least six months’ duration. Gender Identity Disorder (GID) taken from the DSM-IV was replaced with GD in the DSM-V because there was nothing wrong with a gender’s identity and because there are more descriptions for the disorder. There is an emotional disturbance among gender dysphoric individuals as they are not happy with their identity or gender. Studies show that the mismatch of the gender causes distress and that sexual reassignment surgery is the most successful as effective treatments. This study will explore the significant factors affecting gender dysphoric children and adults through literature reviews. It will aim to identify treatment approaches and its outcome among the population.
Gender identity disorder is a condition where the person feels as if they belong to the opposite gender group, and it often causes discomfort and distress. This study was a long term follow up of adults with gender identity disorder after they had been treated. Many studies have a follow up period of about 5 years, but in this study the follow up period was a mean of 13.8 years. After sending invitations to participate in the study to 140 people, the sample included 71 individuals: 36 FtM and 35 MtF. To participate in the study you had to have legal recognition of gender change by a name change no less than ten years prior. The follow up was designed to evaluate the effects of gender identity disorder and the effects of treatment including their current psychological state and personal circumstances, their thoughts on their treatment, and the effects of the treatment using a mix of qualitative and quantitative measures.