Gender Equality: Women Serving Less Time Than Men for Identical Crimes

1881 Words Mar 7th, 2011 8 Pages
Running Head: GENDER EQUALITY

Gender Equality: Women Serving Less Time than Men for Identical Crimes

Abstract The Federal criminal sentencing guideline which was struck down by the U.S. Supreme Court in 2005 required that males and females who commit the same crime and have the same prior criminal history be sentenced equally (Oaxaca, Sarnikar, & Sorensen, 2007). By using data obtained from the Texas Department of Criminal Justice records, we examine the existence of any gender-based bias in criminal sentencing decisions (Oaxaca, Sarnikar, & Sorensen, 2007). We treat the crime as the independent variable, and the time served as the dependent variable that will determine these truths. Additionally, we control the variables
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Another study which was conducted by psychologists Laurie Ragatz of West Virginia University and Brenda Russell of Penn State Berks used internet surveys. They used 458 surveys which explored ways of how prejudice shapes our views on criminal defendants, and how it is ingrained into our minds throughout our lifetime.
Additionally, this study surrounded a trial that occurred in Texas in 2001, in order to research their views. In the case in which the study surrounded a male lover who was thrown out the previous day, and then returned and shot and killed his female lover, and wounded her new lover. All the participants in the study were given a set of instructions and were told that he was getting charged with second degree murder. In the study, they were given the option of convicting the defendant on that charge, going with a less-serious charge of voluntary or involuntary manslaughter, or finding the defendant not guilty by reason of insanity. In order to destruct levels of uncertainty the researchers had the participants rank on a scale from 1 to 7, the extent in which they believe the defendant was guilty. Then they were told to give an appropriate prison sentence from no time to fifteen more years. For one-quarter of the participants,
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