Gender Identity Paper Psy 340

816 WordsOct 16, 20124 Pages
Gender Identity Gender is defined as being male or female as defined by roles, social status, and attitude. The perception of oneself and what characterizes gender identity. Included in gender identity is hormone and behavior interaction, along with the examination of psychological, biological, and environmental influences on sexual separation. Interaction between hormones and behavior has shown to be linked to higher aggression and hostility. The aggression found relates to sexual maturation and genetic characteristics. Androgens and testosterone are major influences of aggression. Hormones affect behavior and emotions. These aggressive effects can stem from contemporaneous organizational influences. Hormones are chemicals that…show more content…
Hormones are also associated with sexual characteristics and function at different levels from infancy to adulthood. Puberty triggers a specific gender and one will attract to the opposite sex (normally). According to Hetherington and Parke (2002), studies of brain imaging identified that in female bilateralism there were greater amounts of blood flow. The male brain reflects greater lateralization attributing to a higher success rate in spatial tasks and mathematics. Freud theorized an explanation to the existence of gender-linked behavior. His model theorized that the process of identification, gender schema, and cognitive social learning theory. Freud’s theories were a bit bizarre with the fact of boys having sexual feelings for their mothers and girls feeling inadequate due to lack of boy’s reproductive organs. Kohlberg used cognitive developmental theory that stated that at an early age, children use behavior and physical features of a person to determine gender. Environmentally, a child’s experiences impact gender identity. Depending on family values or morals, a child could be confused by their gender. When a baby is born, there is much control on colors (if boy or girl) and ideas of the parents on how they would want to raise their daughter or son. For an example, a father would treat his son in a rough or unemotional way, while a girl would be protected and nurtured. Known as traditional roles, a boy doesn’t cry or play with dolls, but he can roll

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