Gender Inequality : An Ordinal Hierarchy Between Men And Women

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Gender equality has always been a prominent and complex subject in society, ‘a hotly contested concept [as] the precise meaning remains subject to continuous change and, as a result, to political struggle’, (Ridgeway, 2011: Preface). Ridgeway (2011: 3) defines gender inequality as ‘an ordinal hierarchy between men and women in material resources, power, and status’. Despite the considerable progress that has been made over the past decades, ‘a pattern of gender hierarchy has remained in which men continue to be advantaged not only in employment but also throughout much of society’, (Ridegeway, 2011: page 3). We can understand ‘time’ as a major issue of gender inequality, just as important as care and employment issues, yet ‘policies for more equal time are nowhere on the agenda’, (Pascall, 2008: 216). Gender inequality in time, can be measured using time use surveys. They are most useful in sufficiently recognising and collecting information on unpaid work, revealing ‘the disproportionate amount of time women dedicate to unpaid labor’, (Gross and Swirsk 2002 :4). This essay will then, focus on gendered time in order to outline what gender inequality is, how it measured and why it matters in contemporary society. This essay aims to provide evidence of how time may be gendered and what measures can be set in place to address these inequalities in time.
Time is crucial in understanding gender inequalities and making progress towards greater gender equality in society (Pascall:

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