Gender Inequality During The Civil Rights Movement

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“Many segments of American industry has been based on an ancient but outmoded belief that a man, because of his role in society, should be paid more than a woman even though his duties are the same” (Karr 81). Socially constructed gender roles have led to gender inequality throughout society, but sex-based discrimination is most prevalent in the workplace. During the Civil Rights Movement, gender inequality was targeted with a number of movements that promoted equality, including the Equal Pay Act of 1963. This Act requires equal pay for equal work, which calls attention to the unethical practice of paying female employees less in wages than male employees for the same job. It has been 53 years since President Kennedy approved this Act, and it has allowed women to experience economic and social progress, but much more remains to be done. When this Act was signed into law in 1963, women were only being paid 59% of what men were paid (“Pay Equity Information”). The Equal Pay Act started a series of events that would fight for gender equality in the workplace and attempt to abolish sex-based discrimination, helping the pay gap decrease to 79%, which is what it is today. This Act started a movement towards equality and brought significant change, but today, wage discrepancies between men and women continue. It is estimated that it will take until 2059 until the gender pay gap disappears completely (“Pay Equity & Discrimination”). While the Equal Pay Act of 1963 inspires

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