In society these days there is a noticeable difference in the treatment of men and women, the most common examples would be found in the social, business and culturally convention realms. These ways of life have double standards in many different ways. There are many ways to convey the ways of discrimination towards women by men.
There are hundreds and thousands of athletes all around the world but the main problem in the athlete world is gender inequality, women are not shown equal as men. They are discriminated in many ways such as pay, employment opportunities, value of women 's sport, media coverage etc. Despite the federal law passed called Title IX that “No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination." there is still gender inequality women are considered less than men. No matter what happens people will always have inequality against men and women because of the environment they live in and how they were raised. Women are
Erauso’s action in cutting her hair symbolizes her entrance into a new world of masculinity, as she “cuts ties” with the female gender. By transforming the way the outside perspective views her outward appearance, Erauso is able to persuade her audience of this new identity. Whether she partakes in transvestism as the act in itself or as a way to express her new identity, Erauso convinces those around her that she is a Spanish man simply by altering physical aspects. This is significant in that one’s hairstyle and dress are associated with a particular gender and each serve a purpose in the sphere they associate with. Dressing in breeches, a doublet, and a hose as well as sporting short hair supports the theory that men primarily focus on the public sphere, engaging in physical activity. Their clothing and hairstyle serve a purpose of the daily life of Spanish men during the 17th century.
The relationship between the gender roles reflected in telenovelas and the the role of women in Latin American countries is a matter of parallelism. This is because as Judith Butler, the author of the book Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity, emphasized that it is “impossible to separate out ‘gender’ from the political and cultural intersections in which it is invariably produced and maintained”. Gender is undeniably socially constructed, and is a product of the values deemed important by that society being constantly reenacted and reinforced. In that sense, telenovelas are also another medium through which beliefs in gender can be relayed to the audience, forming what is called the “imaginable domain of gender” as they either perpetuate or go against ideal hegemony (Beard 2003).
In the essay, “The Life and Death of a Homosexual”, the precise distinctions between the genders create a broad sense of separation between man and woman. Pierre Clastres identifies the differences in gender roles in the tribes, the symbols of masculinity and femininity, and the expectations of each gender. However, through all the differences of the genders there appears one similarity: the defined separation of the masculine world and the feminine world. For the man is forbidden from entering the feminine world, and the woman is forbidden from entering the masculine world as it is seen as abandoning one’s own gender.
How has gender inequality affected women in Latin American countries? Gender inequality has affected the women of Latin America in a multitude of ways, but it can be argued that the division of gender equality is extremely prominent when analyzing reproductive rights and health care access. Compared to countries such as Canada, the United Kingdom and the United States, Latin America is far behind in terms of civil rights and reproductive rights. The lack of rights is not in question; women’s barrier to reproductive health can be seen through anecdotes and statistics. The question thus becomes, is there a definite answer to why these rights are absent? Factors concerning the absence of reproductive rights include cultural norms and religion, but the one that plays the biggest role remains the lack of female political leaders in Latin American countries. What exactly is it that is keeping Latin America behind other countries in terms of being progressive regarding reproductive rights? Women’s political absence in Latin America has shaped reproductive rights and health care services immensely.
Paul B. Preciado advances the intriguing “pleasure of multiplicity” notion in his gender-bending academic text Testo Junkie: “The Unique Pleasure of writing in English, French, Spanish, of wandering from one language to another like being in transit between masculinity, femininity, and transsexuality (Preciado 133). Preciado’s fluidity and liminality open a gateway to discuss “social bodies,” that is, a shift from viewing the human body exclusively as a biological entity to viewing it as an entity dictated by the hegemonic social and cultural practices (Shilling). In a highly socialized space, the human body becomes a ‘social text’ because it is spoken, and hence memorialized, inscribed and archived, by the legal structures of society. As Clarice
This article is useful as she explores how gender is socially constructed rather than biologically. Haslanger challenges the ‘conceptual framework of gender’ by proposing definitions for “man”, “woman” and “gender” that are outside of people’s ordinary understandings. She also makes note of the concept ‘discursive construction’ in order to explain how gender is constructed through discourse. Zimman, Lal. “The discursive construction of sex: Remaking and reclaiming the gendered body in talk about genitals among trans men”.
The author used interviews from 29 transgendered sex workers from Guadalajara over two years in both Mexico and San Francisco, as well as personal observation as methods of collecting data.
Brazil is known for being a country for great economic inequality, so it is quite shocking that there are so many people paying for plastic surgeries. It seems like everyone from celebrities, models, to working-class women, to maids are getting plastic surgeries. In the book we learn that Brazil offers state subsidized surgeries to people. Surgeons believe that everyone has the right to be beautiful and to be shaped into someone beautiful. They want everyone to have the chance to spend their money into becoming someone
There was a time when one thought that Brazil was filled with beautiful women and outstanding scenery, but where did this thought of Brazil go down the drain? When I was ten years old, I spent a month in Brazil, I didn’t fully see this imagery of the country. Was it always in an economic turmoil or was I too young to see it’s true colors? A country that held the olympics is usually broadcasted on the TVs as beautiful and well fit for the players to travel to. However, what exactly is being hidden from the viewers? They elected their first female president in 2011 and have since declined economically. What did she do wrong? What are the stats on the country about its history economically, poverty, and can they come back from this fall?
The Federal Republic of Somalia recognizes that women are an integral part of society. However, this is not always prevalent in many nations due to the multitude of obstacles that women have to face, one of which is the gender wage gap. One of the main places where this is such a predominant issue is Latin America. Currently, women in nations such as Brazil make an average of only sixty-eight cents for every dollar that a man makes, which is only an eight cent increase from 2000 to 2010. For nations to experience a long-term change for the better, there should be a global effort to combat gender pay inequality and, overarchingly, inequality as a whole. Although Somalia has struggled in the past with the implementation of women’s rights due
This classification is constructed by discourse with the objective of recreating hegemonic paradigms and perpetuating current power relations. Defining Women and Men as universal categories disguises the interests it serves. Therefore, anything that is defined as natural or universal should be studied critically. She writes, “Signification is not a founding act, but rather a regulated process of repetition that both conceals itself and enforces its rules precisely through the production of substantializing effects” (185). The assumption that there is a pre-discursive body with a pre-determined sexuality and gender sustains oppression against subjugated and marginalized subjects. Disconnected from the body, she suggests, gender can include more than two versions. The analysis of these concepts--or deconstruction-- provides tools to the socially oppressed to fight against the existent social
Travestis are individuals who change their physical appearance to make it look like a woman’s body. Travestis dress and live their daily life as people belonging to the female gender group, without the desire to undergo reconstructive surgery of removing the penis and constructing a vagina. Their practices,