Gender Inequality In Society

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Gender inequality remains a major barrier between humans. Women have made major strides in promoting equality as a whole, but have a long way to go. Gender roles are a set of societal norms dictating the types of behaviors which are generally considered acceptable, appropriate, or desirable for people based on their actual or perceived sex or sexuality. The concept of gender roles is based on certain male and female stereotypes, which has been constructed through history. In American society, the norm for gender roles distinguishes between masculine and feminine behaviors, attitudes, and activities. In today’s culture people want to promote the concept of egalitarianism, which can value equality but promote and put certain emphasis on…show more content…
In order to understand why gender inequality is present within society, we must first understand how gender became a category for human beings to be classified. Eric Wolf (1923-1999) describes culture as a “self-generating and self-propelling mental apparatus of norms and rules for behavior”. Culture involves habits and symbols, which produce ideas that allow individuals to separate or unite themselves. The 19th century model of unilineal evolution emerges through the theories of various anthropologists. This model seeks to critique societies and cultures through a teleology that moves from primitive to civilized societies. Through this model, we see ideas formulated by James Ferguson (1959-present) and Edward Tylor (1832-1917). Ferguson states there are no higher or lowers societies, however, Tylor views civilization as higher and lower forms through the use of culture. He holds to the idea that civilization and culture are identical. There are not different civilizations, just different amounts of culture within a society. Charles Darwin (1809-1882) enforced the ideology that women are biologically inferior to men. This was thought largely due to the idea that men must prove themselves physically and intellectually against other men in competition for women. Whereas, women must be superior to a man largely in the case of physical attraction. Franz Boas (1858-1942) challenged unilineal evolution and argued that Darwin’s work wasn’t teleological. In the

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