Gender Inequality: Sex Discrimination in Employment Essay

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Gender equality is about equal opportunity for men and women to identify their individual potential. One must be able to benefit from their participation in society and contribute to the economic and social development of their country (Australian Government. 2009). Through multiple reviewed literature on gender inequality, the overall concept within many sociological readings was the way gender inequality socially relates to employment and careers. There are three separate themes that intersect within the written literature that will be discussed. First, gender differences in historical social roles have created stereotypes on the contemporary outlooks of the social attitude. Secondly, through beliefs and values, career pathways…show more content…
“Children are able to identify feminine and masculine categories, similar to the perception of adults, from socialization through family, school and media” (Gadassi and Gati, 2009). Some of the prominent social roles of males and females in historical years are contributing to the contemporary roles that are acceptable in society. Women have continued to have hours of unpaid work while taking care of their children and domestic work, while males are still considered as the providers for their family and solely contributing to their household. In a study done in 2005, statistical analysis revealed that 90% of women do 4.3 hours, on average, of unpaid work a day and 69% of men do 2.5 hours, on average, of unpaid work a day (Dr. Fetner, 2010). “Traditional gender roles, have set out desirable qualities and behaviours for men and women” and as research has shown, “social roles determine the accepted behavioral norms for genders and encourage gender differences in interests and activities” (Gadassi and Gati, 2009). The male and female socioeconomic ideologies of masculinity and femininity influence our perceptions of social roles. “The link between internalization of gender roles and how one fits into the social structure are forces that contribute to change and stability in social roles” (Ridgeway, 2009). Picking aspects of ones social goals should also affect self selection into these roles (Ridgeway, 2009). Values and
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