Gender Relations During The Iranian Revolution

1664 Words7 Pages
The subject of gender relations in Iran has been a contentious social issue and has become more controversial since the Iranian Revolution of 1979. Mainstream news outlets such as CNN and BBC have reported that the “Islamization” that followed the Islamic Republic has led to a reversal of women’s rights in Iran (Nia 2010; BBC 2009). The policies pursued by the Islamic Republic have, however, “facilitated education, mobilization, and participation” for many women within the context of the country (Gheissari 2009: 77). While the years following the Revolution served to restrict many women in some respects, the policies enacted since the Islamic Republic have provided avenues of empowerment for the most marginalized of women in Iran. The Iranian revolution mobilized the women who now use these policies to seek greater rights within the framework of a conservative Islamic society. The mobilization of women during the revolutionary process which gave rise to a newfound sense of female agency and the unintentional widespread empowerment of women through Islamization policies both contribute to the emergence of a contemporary women’s movement in Iran. Talal Asad asserts that, “Islam as the object of anthropological understanding should be approached as a discursive tradition that connects variously with the formation of moral selves, the manipulation of populations (or resistance to it), and the production of appropriate knowledges” (Asad 1986: 7). The development of such a
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