Gender Role And Gender Inequality

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A positive association between parents’ and children’s egalitarian gender role attitudes has been regularly observed by researchers, and such transmission has been due in part to the structure of children’s home environments (Davis & Greenstein, 2009). Children with mothers who are employed are often found to have less traditional beliefs on work and family related issues (David & Greenstein, 2009). However, there have been concerns about the potential negative effects of maternal employment on children’s social and academic well-being, despite research evidence that says otherwise (Goldberg, Prause, Lucas-Thompson, & Himsel, 2008). Husbands who have employed wives were also found to have more egalitarian attitudes, and are more likely to reject more traditional roles (Bolzendahl & Myers, 2004). These egalitarian beliefs are often reflected in their family dynamic, specifically, the division of household labor. When a child grows up in a home environment with parents who share these beliefs, they are more likely to also adopt those beliefs.
Despite an increase in women’s participation in the labor force over the last few decades, gender inequality is still prevalent in various domains such as employment, pay, and political participation. Striving toward gender equality is essential for a number of reasons. For example, gender equality in the workplace and in the domain of employment is advantageous to organizations and for the wider economy (Smith et al., 2013 ). Due to
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