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Gender Roles And Gender Role Conflict

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Similar results were found by researchers using clinical style-interviews and observational measures with 85 American men (Berger, Addis, Green, Mackowiak, & Goldberg, 2013). Again, those who strongly endorsed masculine norms were less likely to seek help for mental health issues and displayed more negative reactions towards a suggestion that they seek treatment. The men interviewed were especially sensitive to stigma and reported not wanting to be ‘labelled’ or medicated. This attitude was particularly salient if the men indicated high levels of self-reliance.
1.2 Gender Role Conflict
As can be seen in the research, when men strongly adhere to restrictive male gender roles and expectations of behaviour, there can be a conflict between what they feel is acceptable for them to do, and what may be most helpful for them to do, for example ‘toughing it out’ versus visiting a doctor. The concept of gender role conflict was first developed by James O 'Neil in the early 1980’s as a part of his research into why the socialized gender roles of men caused such conflict in men’s interpersonal, career, family, and health lives (O 'Neil, Helms, Gable, David, & Wrightsman, 1986). Dr. O’Neil operationally defined gender role conflict as having four psychological domains, three situational concepts, and three personal experiences, which will be explored in more detail. The interaction between these three components illustrates the complexity of gender role conflict and its effect on men
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