Gender Roles And Their Influence On Society

1833 WordsDec 8, 20148 Pages
Myers (2013) states that, “There are many obvious dimensions of human diversity- height, weight, hair color, to name a few. But for people’s self-concepts and social relationships, the two dimensions that matter most – and that people first attune to- are race, and especially gender” (p. 162). Gender is defined by Myers (2013) as “the characteristics that people associate with male and female” (p. 162). Gender roles are the public images of being male or female that a person presents to others. Culture is what is shared by a large group and transmitted across generations- ideas, attitudes, behaviors, and traditions (Myers, 2013). Although much of what is learned about gender comes from one’s culture we also learn much of it through our genes and our predisposed biological sex. In most cultures across the world men and women are treated unequally and this inequality is sanctioned by custom and law (Kinias & Kim, 2012). Multiple factors influence the ways in which men and women combine work and family roles (Perrone-McGovern, Wright, Howell, & Barnum, 2012). These factors can include culture, genes and socioeconomic factors. Throughout many generations there have been many changes in cultures across the world and gender roles have changed, especially in western societies. More men are staying at home as “stay-at-home dads” and more women are going out and getting jobs outside of the home. Gender roles are influenced by a combination of both culture and genes.

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