Gender Roles Of The Japanese Society

1985 Words Nov 11th, 2016 8 Pages
Culture defines gender roles. Within a collectivist society like Japan, both formal and vernacular educations have indirectly shaped the locals’ expectations of gender ideals in a conservative and biased manner. In literature, males were always portrayed as patriotic, strong, muscular and independent; females, on the other hand, were repeatedly internalised as emotional, weak, sensitive, but with a well-mannered outlook (Calsimsek, 2013). Inevitably, the long-held orthodox perspective on gender identities had governed a solid framework on how the Japanese should behave, especially amongst younger generation. The youths were educated and guided towards their future social roles as otokotashi (masculine) or onnarashi (feminine) individuals based on the firm standards of gender identities handed down from previous generations (Calsimsek, 2013). Apart from the formal education offered at academic institutions, modern Japanese media mediums such as manga holds a significant position in shaping, demonstrating and exhibiting the appropriate characteristics of gender displays in the Japanese society, for instance the role and the value of girls and women reflected in shojo manga (Inoue, 2002; Toku, 2007).

In the land of the rising sun, the popularity of manga and its influence upon the society are phenomenal. Manga is regarded as the vehicle for self-entertainment ‘consumed’ by various individuals, from the lonely train commuters to high school students, also including overseas…
Open Document