Gender and Crime Essay

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Gender and Crime Sex is commonly used to describe the innate biological characteristics of humans constituting their femaleness or maleness. Gender on the other hand, covers the social characteristics and usages associated with one sex or the other. Since such roles and customs can vary and be modified it follows that masculine and feminine the terms applied to the respective genders are much more flexible than female and male.

In order to cover the subject of gender and crime it is important to explain its prehistory and standing as well as addressing the extensive material which appeared in the modern
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These studies suggest a correlation between changing perceptions of women by bodies who enforce the criminal law and the increase in recorded female crime. Thirty years ago women were less likely to be suspected of crime, when suspected they were less likely to be change and prosecuted and finally, when prosecuted they were less likely to be convicted than they are today. Today they are more generally seen as being equally capable of committing both legitimate and illegitimate activities . in other words belief in the constitutional idea that women are somehow, physically or psychologically incapable or unlikely to be criminal is weakening . this is reflected in the more than proportionate increase in the number of women in prison. And most of types of crime committed by women are also committed by men and to a large extent both sexes live in the same environment and are subject to the same types of peer group pressures and effects on upbringing.

There are a number of different strands of feminism each of which has impacted on criminology in different ways. Liberal feminism views women as an equal part of society. It centers on rights and non-discrimination. Criminology much of the work of this group has been associated with a study of the discriminatory practices of the criminal justice system,