Gender and Life Chances

2598 WordsJan 4, 201111 Pages
Gender and Life chances In Britain The purpose of this essay is to describe and evaluate how gender influences the life chances of individuals and groups within Britain today, particularly looking at the socialization process of gender and how particular ideologies of gender roles within different social institutions can create social inequalities through the use of power which can be achieved through justice, and applying different theoretical perspectives of inequality in reference to gender, and looking at those in authority that use their power to legitimize oppressive practices, in particularly against women into the formal structure of society and how this power in unequally distributed through stratification. There many…show more content…
Women who have children are also restricted therefore from moving up the social ladder. Britain is ruled by a capitalist society, where there is a clear divide between those that have; the (ruling class), and those that don’t. The ruling class hold positions of power within many societies, for example within the: Government, Law, Criminal Justice and Education institutions, all of which have a major influence in life chances of individuals, through the organisation and functioning of society. The fact that there is unequal distribution of power makes way for social conflict, as stated by Karl Marx (1848;1964,1867-1895;1967) cited in Lindsey, L(1990) conflict theory assumes that society is a stage where the struggles for power are performed, After the second world war Britain experienced a shortage of labor, through the increase of the service sector, this meant that the government needed a new source of labor, which was married women and common wealth immigrants, although this brought about an increase in female employment, married women were expected to be financially dependent on their husbands, however despite changing attitudes towards women’s employment, there has seen a decline in male bread winner ideologies, however jobs are still gendered, for example men are expected to do jobs that are heavy, dirty and dangerous, and are associated
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