Gender inequality in Iran

2299 Words Sep 13th, 2014 10 Pages

The Question of Gender, the Question of Equality ! Gender inequality has been a constant facet of Iranian society for many years, as an Islamic state, the role and treatment of women is based on interpretation of Islamic law (Shari'a). The change derived from the downfall of the Pahlavi regime and subsequent Iranian revolution of 1979 dramatically effected the nature and extent of the rights and quality of life experienced by Iranian women. The reign of Pahlavi as Shah saw women's rights reach new capabilities - for example in 1963, regardless to objections by religious clerics women were granted the capability to vote and run for parliament . While these laws saw great improvements in gender equality, they did not 1 guarantee it's
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If a woman files for divorce without evidence, any financial rights are automatically forfeited, for this to be possible the husband is also required to concede to the divorce . Protection from violence is another example 9 of gender discrimination in Iran, no laws exist prohibiting domestic violence, rape is classed as a criminal act and results in harsh penalties, however, the act must be witnessed by four male witnesses, or three male and two female, along with this martial rape is not recognised under Iranian law. Furthermore, honour killings do occur, and the penal code allows a man to murder his wife in the instance of adultery . The distinction in laws in regards to gender is a clear demonstration of 10 the vast extend of inequality in Iran, the fact that such laws are a product of government and institutional power results in gender inequality becoming common across many facets of Iranian life, and the creation of cultural predispositions that can lead some to believe women are inferior to men. The government influence and contribution to this issue, primarily through the induction of legal trends suggests the nature of gender inequality is ingrained into the fabric of Iranian life, that it is a socially constructed concept derived from Islamic ideology which is widely practiced and acts as a cultural distinction for Iran, as evident through Iran historically being a primarily patriarchal society. ! Differentiation in access to
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