General Discussion Of Intercultural Training Programmes

2003 Words9 Pages
General discussion of Intercultural Training programmes Introduction According to Warren & Adler(1977) that intercultural training can be regarded as constructed programs, projects as well as activities, which enable people to have effective interactions in unfamiliar cultures. The intercultural training programmes are designed with varied methodological approaches, in order to raise sojourners’ cultural understanding and increase their cultural competence (Warren & Adler, 1977). And the training can bring cognitive, affective and behavior changes to learners (Gannon & Poon, 1997). In this article, the main characteristics of intercultural training programmes (ICT) are reviewed, in terms of the history of ICT, the goals and objectives of that, the approaches to classifying training techniques are discussed, as well as the design of an appropriate intercultural training programme. Moreover, the strengths and shortcoming of two specific approaches are discussed. The History of ICT The importance of intercultural training were not identified until World War II in America, during that time, international students, scholars as well as professionals needed to adapt to the United States as they enrolled in new working environments ( Pusch, M. D,2004) Therefore, the construction of intercultural skills and knowledge among sojourners were imperative (Landis, Bennett & Bennett, 2004). In the academic field, Edward T. Hall can be treated as the first person that realized it is
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