General Information Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) which is found in all living thing and one of the

1000 WordsApr 23, 20194 Pages
General Information Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) which is found in all living thing and one of the building blocks of the body. (1, 2, 3) The molecule is found in the nucleus of the cell and it is a double helix molecule and it looks like a twisted ladder. If it was unwound the molecule would be 6 feet in length! (2) DNA has 3 nucleotides which are sugar, base, and phosphate. (1) The four bases, which are adenine (A), thymine (T), cytosine(C), and guanine (G) and they are all Nitrogen bases and there are about 3 billion of them.(1, 2, 3, 4) Adenine and thymine always pair up with one another and cytosine and guanine always pair together. (1, 2, 3, 4) In the cell there is also the RNA which acts as the messenger for the DNA because the…show more content…
(2, 3) Chromosomes are too small to be seen under a microscope but we have an idea of what they look like. (1, 2, 3, 4) The chromosome has a “p” arm and a “q” arm, the “p” arm is the two shorter arms on top whereas the two “q” arms at the bottom are longer. (4) Historical background The Human Genome Project (H.G.P.) was started in 1990 by the National Institute of Health, US Department of Energy, United Kingdom, France, Germany, Japan, and China.(4) The purpose of the H.G.P. was about discovering the basic components of the human DNA in order to advance medical treatment for humans. (5) If it weren’t for the H.G.P. this wouldn’t be possible. In 1988, the government funded for the National Institute of Health and the Department of Energy to explore the H.G.P. (6) James Watson, when the H.G.P started, was appointed the lead National Institute of Health. (6) Watson then resigned in 1992 and Michael Gottesman took his place. (6) On February 2001, the results of the H.G.P were 90% done. A source of information that kept the general public aware of the project was the Human Genome News which was published from 1989-2002. The Human Genome Project only lasted 13 years and ended in 2003. The idea of the Human Genome Project was after Frederick Sanger came up with techniques to sequence DNA. (6) But, Alfred Sturtvant was the first who created the Drosophila gene map in 1911. (6) After that people began to wonder
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