The battle for Heartbreak Ridge was a battle fought in the Korean War. If it was not for the Field Artillery Regiments involved in the direct support of ground troops the war would not have had the same outcome which we know of today. Heartbreak ridge can also be identified as Operation Touchdown. Artillery support was increased in support of this operation. All the regiments of the 2nd Army Infantry as well as the French battalion that was attached to the division participated in this battle. The Army division also received support from the 1st Marine Division. The mission was to go up the slopes and take back the North Korean outposts in order to spread out the defenses on top of the ridgeline. Operation Touchdown began on 05 October and by 15 October 1951 the operation was declared a success. The fight to win
In my generation, this was not the first occasion when the strong had attacked the weak. Communism was acting in Korea just as Hitler, Mussolini, and the Japanese had acted ten, fifteen, and twenty years earlier. I felt certain that if South Korea was allowed to fall, Communist leaders would be emboldened to override nations closer to our own shores. (Truman, 1955)
* “North Korean and Chinese documents make clear that … Mao determined early in the war that should the North Koreans falter, China had an obligation to come to their aid because of the sacrifice of so many Koreans in the Chinese revolution, the anti-Japanese resistance, and the Chinese Civil War” (Cumings 25).
The East, represented by the Soviet Union and its Warsaw Pact allies, advocated the destruction of capitalism and the establishment of Communism throughout the world. Opposing them were the United States and its North American Treaty Organization (NATO) allies that attempted to contain Communist expansion efforts, defending its actions through the Truman Doctrine and the Domino Theory. The Domino theory stated that if one nation fell to Communism, the neighboring nations would be affected and falls to Communism, eventually resulting in the inevitable spread of Communism throughout the world. One of the first nations that the United States and Soviet Union sought to establish control was in Korea. After 1949, when Chinese communist leader Mao Zedong proclaimed the establishment of the People’s Republic of China, the spread of communism began to target the country of Korea. Following the end of World War II, Korea was divided along the 38th parallel into “Soviet” North Korean and “American” South Korea occupation zones. Heavily armed with artillery and tanks, North Korean troops crossed and invaded South Korea on June 25th, 1950. Abiding to the containment of the Domino theory, United States immediately responded to the unprovoked attack. Under the leadership of the supreme commander of the United Nations coalition forces, General Douglas MacArthur, the South Korean forces managed to push back the
One of the most complex military maneuvers of all time was the Allied invasion of Europe by way of the Normandy beaches of northern France. The carefully orchestrated invasion essential to the defeat of Hitler. The Supreme Allied Commander, who was General Dwight D. Eisenhower. Later to become president of the United States. The invasion took place on June 6, 1944. The weather so terrible that the invasion was delayed for a full day. American troops landing on Utah Beach. Encountered only mild resistance at first. In contrast, the landing at Omaha Beach much more treacherous. The coast itself was extremely dangerous, the landing took place too far off shore, and the Germans had double the forces at this site. Other Allied forces the British
In June 1950, 90,000 soldiers from the communist Korean People’s Army crossed the 38th Parallel into South Korea. The most important reason for a military response from the US was the document NSC 68, which stated that they must meet communism wherever it arises. Due to this document, it was the US assumption that the invasion on South Korea was not a Civil War due to the events in Korea, and the permanent divide in 1948. However, there was also US domestic policies, and Truman’s fear of being accused of being ‘soft on communism,’ as well as the US based organisation, the UN, which was a new institution, which Truman had to support. Furthermore, containment in Europe and Asia and the
The USSR pressured North Korea to invade South Korea, later they decided to attack. Now in Document C, The North Korean troops invaded South Korea and almost won the war, then the USA came in to support South Korea. Which after the USA came in, they pushed the North Koreans to the Yalu River. Since the ally of North Korea, China was concerned, they joined in and pushed the UN troops back to 38th Parallel. Then after some fighting, it ended in a stalemate. This also shows USA’s way of containing communism since South Korea was about to fall to communism and the domino theory might of worked. To quickly summarize. The North Korean army attacked South Korea and almost made it communist, later the USA joined and pushed them to Yalu river. Then China joined and pushed them to the 38th parallel. Later, it ended in a
According to Document C, on June 25, 1950, North Korea suddenly invaded South Korea. North Korea was supported by the Soviet Union, while South Korea was being supported by the U.S. president, Harry Truman, and the United Nations promised to defend South Korea. After World War 2, on September 14, 1950, the U.S. and the U.N. were officially sent to protect South Korea, but the U.S. and the United Nation’s forces were almost pushed off the Korean peninsula. The leader of the Americans, was General Douglass MacArthur. On November 25, 1950, General MacArthur organized a dangerous, yet victorious retaliation at the port of Inchon. The Americans pushed the North Korean forces all the way back to the border of North Korea and communist China, but this battle got difficult again because China got involved and pushed the Americans back to South Korea. Over two million people died in this war as well as more than fifty thousand American soldiers. This act of containment in a way made the U.S. look kind of weak, because there were a lot of deaths and suffering before it ended therefore making their system look
| In 1950, Truman sent U.S. troops to aid South Korea from being invaded by North Korean communist armies. The UN had successfully cleared the North Korean invaders from South Korea; however, Truman with the support of General MacArthur decided cross the 38th parallel to fight communism in North Korea which ended up backfiring. Truman discharged General MacArthur because he went against his orders and made public statements about expanding the war into China.
On April 11, 1951 President Harry Truman made the decision to fire the Army General Douglas McArthur after MacArthur made public statements that had contradicted the policies and positions of his administration. While General MacArthur was a well redound hero of World War Two, his role in the Korean War can be a questionable and controversial topic.
In June 1950, North Korea invaded and overran most of the country. In July 1950, American troops were sent to Korea to fight the communists out of the south. By September that same year, the Americans forced the North to retreat close to China’s border. Mao Zedong, alarmed by the success of the Americans, sent hundreds of troops to aid the North. This led to a stalemate as the North forced the South to retreat back to the same division line as before the war (Document C). This is the strongest example of the U.S. policy of containment as American troops were sent in only a month after the first attack, which showed how fast the U.S. responded to the spread of communism to a noncommunist
MacArthur approached the situation in Korea in a stronger, more confident manner. He saw that there was also a risk in not engaging Asian communism: an alliance between the USSR and the PRC. He acknowledges that the communist threat is a global one. Its successful advance in one capitalist sector threatens the destruction of the other sectors, and you can?t appease communists in Asia
On 25 June 1950, North Korea forces launched a surprise invasion on South Korea under the command of Kim Il-sung and the North Korean People’s Army. During this time, the North Korean People’s Army forced through the 38th parallel and pushed through the unprepared Republic of Korea forces to the Southeast Pusan peninsula. The approximately 125 mile defensive perimeter was where United Nation forces withdrew to by August, 1950 and held that Southeast position of the peninsula. While UN forces were outnumbered, commanders were in search for a new course of action that would help skew the war in favor of them. It was then General of the Army Douglas MacArthur first envisioned his plan for what would become the Battle of Inchon.