General and Political History of Russia

1754 Words8 Pages
1. Introduction

This assignment aims to establish the foundation for the understanding of how history has played a role in defining and redefining the Russian society. By looking at the general history and the political systems of the past, this assignment will highlight events that influenced the emergence of these systems and the current government systems instated. This assignment will examine the way in which the Russian government operates and will therefore highlight the political ideologies of the country in order to provide a basis for educated recommendations to be formulated. The benefit of being aware of the above mentioned topic is that it allows for a better understanding of our world history thus broadening and expanding
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Events such as World War I, the Russian Revolution, World War II, the Cold War and the Collapse of the Soviet Union have all influenced Russia and therefore impacted on the current political systems of Russia (Simkin, 2013). The above-mentioned events will be discussed in order to highlight the effect these events had on Russia.

WORLD WAR I – (1914-1918)

It is believed that the assassination of the Archduke Ferdinand ultimately led to the war that took place from 1914-1918 in which Russia suffered devastating losses (Johnson, 2007). Austria declared war on Serbia and the Russian army was therefore mobilized to defend Serbia, and this therefore resulted in hundreds and thousands of people being killed (Simkin, 2013). This war, also known as the “Great War”, was divided into two opposing forces known as the Allies and the Central Powers fought from a variety of networks (Trueman, 2013). Russia formed part of the Allies and fought alongside France, Italy, Japan, Great Britain, and the United States, while the Central Powers of Germany and Austria-Hungary fought against them (Simkin, 2013). Trenches also lined the Eastern front, where the Russians retreated after being defeated by the Germans in September 1914 (Simkin, 2013). In 1918 Russia dropped out of the war so German troops could be diverted from the Eastern front to the Western front (Simkin, 2013).

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