Generally, In A Political Science, The Notion Of Accountability

1003 WordsMay 14, 20175 Pages
Generally, in a political science, the notion of accountability can be interpreted as an answerability of actions, and responsibility to the constituents of the government officials (Seymour 1995, pp 9). However, there are many different kinds of ideologies regarding the judicial accountability. Some scientists argue that the notion of accountability has the same meaning either in the political arena or in the judicial system. Such as, Sengupta (2014) argues that, likewise accountability in the political arena, in the judicial branch, the notion of accountability relates to the ambit of judicial resolution, which means while making judicial decisions, judges are responsible for their decisions, and answerable to their constituents of…show more content…
The last part of the taxonomy covers non-instrumental (an exercise of power is a basic source of accountability) and instrumental (such as disclosure of annual income) occasions. However, Sengupta does not clearly consider the question of to whom the judiciary should be accountable. According to his determination about the judiciary accountability, it can be seen that the judges and the judicial system should entirely accountable to politicians. In this case, the notion of the Separation of power will be rejected. Therefore, according to the notion of the separation of power, the state power should be separated into three different, independent bodies. If the judiciary system is accountable to the politicians (parliament), who established its institutions, then the judicial resolutions will be influenced by the politicians. Based on an idea of guarantees of judicial impartiality, which is an essential basis of the democratic ideology, another scholar Daniela (2010, p.p. 24-34) considers legal, institutional, professional, managerial and societal accountabilities of the judicial branch. The legal accountability is formed by the notion of the rule of law, which means 1.The State is the only subject that can control society; 2.The control should be exercised through law; 3.The law’s initial purpose is achieving social purposes; 4.Citizens have equal rights to the law;
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