Genes And Functions Of Proteins

2006 Words9 Pages
Genes is something every living organism has. Genes are found in the DNA, which is the center for information that gives instructions for what type of protein the cell is suppose to produce, it’s lifespan, maturity, and function. The gene is a subunit of DNA. It holds the instructions for what the proteins should be producing. Proteins are molecules that properly instruct the cells structure, function, and regulations of the body’s tissues and organs. Amino acids are what proteins are made of. They are connected to one another in long chains. There are a variety of different types of amino acids that can be put together to make a protein. Each different sequence of amino acids tells the proteins structure and function. Antibodies, enzymes, messengers, structural components, and transport or storage proteins are different examples of protein function. (“How Do Genes Direct the Production of Proteins?”, April 2015) Majority of genes hold information that is essential to produce functional proteins. From a gene to a protein the transformation is rigorous and the mechanisms happen in every single cell. There are two steps for the process of making a DNA gene to a protein which are transcription and translation. In the process of transcription, the information in a genes DNA being made into RNA (ribonucleic acid) in the cells nucleus. The kind of RNA that holds information for making a protein is a mRNA which is thw messenger RNA. It transports information to nucleus into the
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