Genetic Disorder: Sickle Cell Disease

Decent Essays
Genetic Disorder: Sickle Cell Disease Public perception of word association in our culture is pretty generic. We associate the color red with anger or yellow with caution. Maybe black can be associated with depression or death. Everyone has their own perceptions but they all come out of a larger pot. The title of this paper is “Genetic Disorder: Sickle Cell Disease” what comes to mind when you hear that? Many people associate Sickle Cell with African Americans. The public perception is that like AIDS, Sickle cell is a predominately “Black” disease. I personally have a few people in my immediate family that were born with the disease and it seemingly affects their lives in major ways. In this paper I will explain heredity in relation to the…show more content…
But what does this mean, well first a mutation is an abnormality much in the way that cancer is an abnormal growth within the body. These are mutations, unfortunately we don’t get the same types of mutations that the X-Men have. Our body’s are made so that everything perfectly fits in each hole or socket, well red blood cells are normally round and smooth. Red blood cells are designed to be able to flow smoothly through blood vessels which is why they are smooth and round. Like mentioned earlier Sickle cell anemia is a mutation of the hemoglobin or the blood cells themselves. The blood cells stack on one another into long tube like structures. The cells become sickle shaped and become rigid. The sickling starts on the chromosome 11. While the cells are stacking up they are damaging vital organs such as the lungs and the heart. Everyone gets a copy of the hemoglobin gene from each parent. If both genes are carriers of the sickled trait, there will be high probability that the offspring will have Sickle cell anemia. Sickle cell is not contagious and cannot be caught, it is passed along genetically. Through research we have found that there are different types of the sickling disease. There is Hemoglobin SS (Sickle cell anemia), hemoglobin SC and hemoglobin sickle betathalassemia which is known as Mediterranean…show more content…
300,000 children are born annually in the world with sickle cell, unfortunately they are usually in poor third world countries without the means to handle the epidemic. In countries such as Ghana the percentages of people that carry the trait can be upwards of 30 to 40 percent while in other parts of the continent there can be percentages upwards of 50 percent. The wide range and variation in people that carry it in different parts of the country might be connected to the different levels of malaria exposure, which I explained earlier, it appears that people with sickle cell are immune to malaria which is a bigger killer of humans in that region of the
Get Access