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Genetic Disorders: Triple X Syndrome

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Triple- X Syndrome
Triple X Syndrome, also known as Trisomy X or 47,XXX, is a genetic disorder in which an extra X chromosome is present in each of a female’s cells. “Triple X syndrome results from an extra copy of the X chromosome in each of the female’s cells. As a result of the extra X chromosome, each cell has a total of 47 chromosomes (47,XXX) instead of the usual 46,” (Triple X Syndrome.) About 1 in 1,000 newborn girls are affected with this condition. Trisomy X is a genetic disorder that is not inherited, has little to no symptoms, and has no cure or treatments.
Trisomy X is not inherited, therefore the syndrome is not found on a certain chromosome number. The condition is due to an error. Humans are born with a pair of sex chromosomes-
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The list of symptoms includes, “Mildly unusual physical features, such as tall stature, a small head and a vertical fold of skin that comes down across the inner angle of the eye, developmental issues such as delayed language skills and delayed motor skills, which can result in poor coordination, awkwardness, and clumsiness, behavioral and emotional difficulties, seizures, kidney problems,” (Nordqvist,What is Triple-X Syndrome?) Most girls affected with the syndrome have normal sexual development are able to conceive children. Though most girls have normal sexual development, reproductive problems can arise, some of which are menstrual irregularities, early menstruation, and periodically,…show more content…
Once the baby is born, a blood test is done as a diagnosis. “In CVS, tissue is taken from the villi of part of the placenta for examination, usually between the 8th and 10th week of pregnancy” and “amniocentesis is done during pregnancy. Some amniotic fluid is collected and diagnosed for a genetic or some other condition.” (Nordqvist, What is Triple-X Syndrome?) Amniotic Fluid is the fluid surrounding the fetus in the amnion. There is no specific screening to diagnose Triple X Syndrome, in most cases the condition is found when screening for another problem in the
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