Genetic Effects of Intensive Breeding Essays

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What is Intensive Breeding? Intensive breeding is a breeding system which aims to get a specific desired genetic trait from a species. Intensive breeding is done in order to get various genetic variations (Colour variation – Figure 1) within a certain population, which will eventually lead to an economic incentive higher than that of an original colour variation species. Intensive breeding has got its advantages and disadvantages. Selection for a rare trait is desired for the monetary benefit, where many game farmers don’t realise the drastic negative genetic impacts. Hunting has always been a past-time where a lot of enthusiast participate in the hunting of wildlife living in their natural environment. They find pleasure in…show more content…
From the information above, it is entirely logical that intensive breeding projects are being developed to help the conservation of this animal. Some mentionable organisations that aim to conserve the cheetah species are De Wildt in Britz, Pretoria North and Cheetah Outreach in Somerset West. These organisations strive to conserve the particular species in their natural habitat. The average price for a Cheetah auctioned in 2011 was R25 000, where in 2010 the average price for a Cheetah auctioned was R67 292 (Figure 1). In the same way that the conservation of the cheetah is being looked after, the same form of help could be used for the many other critically threatened species. By implementing intensive breeding projects, game farmers can contribute to some of the rare antelope and animal species. Roan antelope are listed as an endangered antelope species. This particular antelope has declined drastically in numbers due to hunting pressures which have occurred in the past. Roan antelope can only be found in areas where there have been intensive conservation efforts made. This species has a gestation period of about 40 weeks, and has a high rate of mortality of up to 80% in the first seven weeks (Groenewald 2014). Shown in Figure 1, the average price of a Roan antelope auctioned in 2012 was R223 650 (Bezuidenhout 2013). Sable Antelope are the most sought after antelope species (Groenewald 2014). This is mostly due to their scimitar horns which can grow up
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