Genetic Engineering

1896 WordsJul 15, 20188 Pages
Genes are, basically, the blueprints of our body which are passed down from generation to generation. Through the exploration of these inherited materials, scientists have ventured into the recent, and rather controversial, field of genetic engineering. It is described as the "artificial modification of the genetic code of a living organism", and involves the "manipulation and alteration of inborn characteristics" by humans (Lanza). Like many other issues, genetic engineering has sparked a heated debate. Some people believe that it has the potential to become the new "miracle tool" of medicine. To others, this new technology borders on the realm of immorality, and is an omen of the danger to come, and are firmly convinced that this human…show more content…
Of the 23 patients in the study 12 were able to stay off insulin therapy for three years, and eight needed only occasional insulin treatments during the five-year study period and on average, the patients did not require insulin injections for nearly three years (Wekesser 50). Perhaps the most well-known objection to the use stem cell technology is the fact that an embryo must be destroyed in order to create embryonic stem cells (Sandel 20). The destruction of embryos to create stem cells has led to a heated back-and-forth debate between scientists and critics on such matters as what qualifies as a human being and when an organism begins deserving rights. In their argument against the use of embryonic stem cells opponents often claim that the use of adult stem cells from sources such as umbilical cord blood has consistently produced more promising results than the use of embryonic stem cells as well as that adult stem cell research may be able to make greater advances if less money and resources were channeled into embryonic stem cell research. In addition, to date, embryonic stem cells have never been used successfully in any therapies (Sandel 23). However, stem cell researchers have argued that a days-old embryo does not qualify as a human being as it is merely a collection of cells that aren’t
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