Genetic Engineering : Genetically Modified Organisms

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Introduction Genetic engineering is the science of making changes to the genes of a plant or animal to produce a desired result (Anon., n.d.). Genetic engineering is being used by scientists for various projects. It is being used to explore and alter the human genome as well as the genomes of other animals and organisms. Genetic engineering is used to create GMOs. GMO is the abbreviation for genetically modified organism, this organism’s genome is altered, using genetic engineering, so that its DNA contains one or more genes not normally found there (Anon., n.d.). At the moment seeds have been genetically modified to produce genetically modified crops such as GM soya and maize. There are a lot of foods that are genetically modified in this…show more content…
GMOs and Food Security Among other definitions of food security, food security also means that the people who produce the food are able to earn a decent living wage growing, catching, producing, processing, transporting, retailing and serving food (Anon., n.d.). GMOs might have an indirect negative effect on food security and food safety due to all the movement of genes from GM plants into conventional crops. GMOs pose a risk to food safety. This risk is a reality, for example in the United States of America traces of a maize type, approved only for animal feed, appeared in maize products that were for human consumption (Anon., n.d.). This mix up clearly violates food security. Despite the rising crisis in food security in developing countries, GM crop development is driven to support the interests of Western and European companies. Soya, oilseed rape, cotton and maize are currently the major GM crops produced; however, these crops are grown to support the food and textile industries of the developed world. South Africa, a third world country, is the 8th largest producer of GMO crops in the world and the largest in Africa (Anon., n.d.). Tons of GM crops are harvested and exported each year, yet the country still experiences an increasing rise in food prices and an unstable economy. GM seeds are sterile and cannot be used again; this prevents farmers from continuing their tradition of saving seeds to plant for the next season. In
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