Genetic Engineering : Genetically Modified Organisms

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A genetically modified organism, or “GMO,” is defined as being, “an organism or microorganism whose genetic material has been altered by means of genetic engineering.” This process is often used in plants and animals to produce desirable attributes. In the past, a plant with a desired attribute would be bred, by using selective breeding, to yield more plants with that desirable attribute. Now with the advancement of genetic engineering, this technique can be performed in a laboratory by moving or adding genes that express the desired attribute to other organisms. This new technique of genetic engineering can produce unstable combinations of plant, animal and bacteria genes that do not occur naturally. However, if genetically modified…show more content…
Some of the most frequent crops that are genetically modified are sugar beets, soybeans, cotton and corn. At this time, it is estimated that potentially up to eighty percent of all processed foods in America contain genetically modified ingredients. In addition to crops, many animals have begun to be genetically engineered to increase yield and to decrease likeliness of disease. As we go into the future, there is no doubt that the amount of genetically modified organisms will grow greatly. It seems as if genetically modified organisms can be a good and beneficial thing, but it is very important to look at the potential problems and issues associated with genetically modified organisms. The first question that must be asked is, “Are genetically modified organisms safe?” The majority of experts in this field would say that currently GMOs are not safe. Many experts claim that GMOs are unhealthy and contain chemicals that can harm our bodies. Doctors often advise people to avoid eating foods that contain genetically modified organisms. Multiple studies have been conducted and many have found that GMOs can cause harm to the kidneys, liver, heart, and other organs. Some studies have even found that particular chemicals used in genetically modified organisms can potentially increase the risk of cancer. Despite all of these possible safety issues, most genetically engineered foods are not even labeled, indicating
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