Essay Genetic Engineering: The Benefits Outweigh the Negatives

2012 Words 9 Pages
Imagine a disease free world, overcoming diseases that we don’t currently have a cure for, or having an increased life span for those who can’t get enough of life. Or how about changing the food available now into food that won’t spoil so fast, more of it being accessible so it won’t cost so much, or maybe using fewer chemicals and herbicides on our plants because they are genetically altered so that bugs won’t bother them. These are all things that are achievable with genetic engineering. Many people think that genetic engineering should be illegal. Some general reasons are that biotechnologists want to be some sort of God or that changing what already exists is immoral. Though there is some substance to the position that genetic …show more content…
Basically, scientists in a lab change the DNA composition of living organisms so that they have a certain feature, or they take a harmful section out. The process of genetic engineering involves splicing an area of a chromosome, a gene that controls a certain characteristic of the body. The enzyme endonuclease is used to split a DNA sequence and split the gene from the rest of the chromosome. For example, this gene may be programmed to produce an antiviral protein. This gene is removed and can be placed into another organism. For example, it can be placed into bacteria, where it is sealed into the DNA chain using ligase. When the chromosome is once again sealed, the bacteria are now effectively re-programmed to replicate this new antiviral protein. The bacteria can continue to live a healthy life, though genetic engineering and human intervention has actively manipulated what the bacteria actually is (Engineering 1).The segments of our DNA are called genes. They are the coding for all of our unique features such as what we look like or how we act. There are other words that are hard to comprehend. Some of the words include vectors or chromosome. A vector is an agent that transfers genetic material from one cell to another. What about chromosomes? It is sure that you would hear that word often. A chromosome is a threadlike linear strand of DNA and associated proteins in the nucleus of eukaryotic cells that carries the genes and functions in the transmission of
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