Genetic Engineering is a Process of Altering Genetic Material by Introducing New DNA

517 WordsJan 31, 20182 Pages
INTRODUCTION: Genetic Engineering is a process where an organism’s genetic material is altered by introducing a new DNA. It is where a gene is artificially removed from one organism and transmitted into another using biotechnology. Its goal is to provide with one or more traits that are not found in recipient organism, giving it the ability to perform a certain action, which the organism in nature cannot. DNA and proteins are very important aspects in order to understand genetic engineering. DNA is the genetic material that is found in every organism. It is located in the nucleus of every cell. It is made up of four complimentary bases, Adenine to Thymine and Guanine to Cytosine. These four bases help make the genetic code by providing information for the cell and essential proteins that an organism requires in order to survive. Some proteins act as enzymes that can help speed up the reaction. The genetic code is similar in every organism which benefits in the process of genetic engineering. When a gene is transmitted into the “recipient” organism through the means of transformation, the similarity of the code allows the “recipient’ organism to express the specific trait. Some bacteria use transformation by acquiring the naked DNA from the environment and alter their genes by attaining new traits. Escherichia coli, also known as E.coli is a bacterium that lives in the intestine of warm blooded organisms that causes sickness and several diseases particularly in the weak

More about Genetic Engineering is a Process of Altering Genetic Material by Introducing New DNA

Open Document