Genetic Modification : Genetically Modified Organisms

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Forcing genes from one species into a different, unrelated species forms genetically modified organisms. Webster’s Dictionary defines genetically modified organisms as “an organism whose genome has been altered in order to favor the expression of desired physiological traits or the output of desired biological products.” Genetically modified organisms are also known as transgenic organisms. There are many uses for genetic modification. Genetic modification is devoted mainly to the increased use of herbicides and pesticides. Most research is focused on plants to be able to produce their own pesticide to kill insects and to remain alive when sprayed by weed killers. Profit is the main motive of using genetically modified organisms. There are six broad steps to genetically modifying organisms. The first step is to find a new trait. You first have to decide on a trait that you want to see in other organisms. You then have to see what organisms have that trait. The second step is grabbing genes. You have to get the genes of the wanted trait out of the organism that has that trait. The third step is trait insertion. You have to insert the genes into the organism now. The fourth step is the growth of the chamber gauntlet. The fifth step is planting. This step is self-explanatory. Someone has to plant and tend to the seeds until they are ready to harvest. The sixth step is the genes expressing themselves. The trait you inserted is hopefully showing up in the new organism.

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