Genetic Research And Ethical Policy

2874 Words12 Pages
Adam Murphy
Dr. Thornton
Genetics
10 October 2014

Reproductive Genetics

In a post-genome age, reproductive genetics is becoming an increasingly pressing topic in the debate between advancements in genetic research and ethical policy. Today, parents are given an unprecedented amount of control over the future health of their children. Many different methods of genetic screening and prenatal testings are becoming more and more available to the public; however, due to the nuance of these genetic procedures, there are still many unanswered questions regarding the practical, ethical, and legal implications behind them. For example, a method called preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) allows for parents who carry some form of genetic mutation or abnormality to be able to test an embryo (obtained via IVF) for the same genetic conditions. If the embryo comes back negative for those abnormalities, it is then transferred to the uterus for implantation, and If the embryo is positive, the parents then have the difficult decision of pre-pregnancy termination. Because the potential of this technology to screen for very specific trait and not only pertaining to medical necessity, the ethical issue of whether this will lead to problems such as genetic discrimination and gender bias are addressed. Thus, there is a growing dichotomy between those who support that reproductive genetics is an important preventative resource for debilitating genetic conditions and

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