Genetically Modified Crop Plants

1593 Words Aug 9th, 2014 7 Pages
Gene Therapy: Genetically Modified Crop Plants

Coward

Introduction to Biology - SCI 115

Professor Johnson

March 4, 2014

Genetically modified organisms have become a standard rather than an exception in America. Since their introduction in the 1990’s, genetically modified (GM) products have conquered agriculture in the United States and hold a large share of the food on American’s plates. (Dupont) Everyone has been exposed to it whether they know it or not. According to the US Department of agriculture by 2012, 88 percent of corn and 94 percent of soy grown in the United States were genetically modified. The purpose of this essay is to explain what genetically modified crop plants are,
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Many farmers have begun to rely on GM crop plants from pressure to produce more food at lower cost and with less damage to the environment.

Science and Society reports that in the United States genetic modification has expanded into almost every area of food production. Scientists can introduce some sort of modification into the genes of crops, dairy products and animals. For example, the milk you drink and beef that you eat will be affected if the cattle are fed a GM diet. Tomatoes, corn, soy beans, sugar beets, squash, and animal feed are some examples of genetically modified crop plants. Plant foods are altered to extend the life allowing them to tolerate longer periods of transportation, kill the diseases that some vegetables carry making them not safe for human consumption; virus resistant vegetables. (Bocco) Much of our processed food that is produced in the United States contains some GM ingredients. Almost everything containing corn or soy has been genetically modified. For example cookies, crackers, breakfast cereals, and cooking oils.

The 2011 International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications (ISAAA) reports A huge proportion of the most commonly grown commodity crops are genetically engineered: 95% of the nation’s sugar beets, 94% of the soybeans, 90% of the cotton and 88% of the feed corn.
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