Genetically Modified Food Crops? Developing Countries

1237 Words Oct 28th, 2015 5 Pages
Genetically Modified Food Crops in Developing Countries

Genetically modified (GM) crops are generaly food crops that have genetically engineered changes to their DNA, to create favorable traits in the plant that would not normally be possible through conventional horticulture. The main traits that have been genetically engineered into plants are herbicide tolerant (HT), insect resistant (IR), pH resistant, and drought resistance. The large majority of studies have been conducted on herbicide tolerant and insect resistant GM foods, due to the fact that 99% of the worlds GM crops today are HT or IR crop technology (Qaim et al. 900). These GM traits can be beneficial to farmers in developing countries and have been thought to have a major roll in remedying world hunger. Worldwide controversy over the use GM technology in foods have led to policies in developing countries that restrict the use of GM crops.
It should be stated that a clear definition of a devolving county is not made in much of the data collected, but there is a consistent nature to which countries are included in the studies. The countries that are consistently use in GM crop studies are Argentina, Mexico, Chile, South Africa, Philippines, China and India.
History of Genetic Modification
The modification of plants has been around since humans diverged from hunter-gatherer societies to agricultural societies. The original agricultural societies intentionally pollinized the biggest/ best in hopes of making…
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