Genetically Modified Organisms And Its Effects

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Genetically Modified Organisms More than sixty countries have a ban, labeling, or restrictions of some sort on genetically modified foods (Barrett, 2013). The United States is not amongst them. Originally GMOs were introduced to create better yields, tolerate droughts and increase nutrition (Wesson, 2001). Today GMOs have excided beyond the standards of the past. 80% of the foods sold in the U.S. today are genetically modified. This group of foods include alfalfa, corn, canola, cotton, sugar beets, soybeans, tomatoes, squash, potatoes, oil, golden rice, salmon and many more(New). While the production of GMO foods have increased the FDA refuse to regulate it because in 1993 the FDA declared GMOs as “not inherently dangerous” so they do not need special regulations (History). Unlike the United States, GMO crops are very uncommon in Europe. After the European Union adopted regulations which established an EU- wide system to trace and label GMOs in 2003, sales of GMO foods have significantly reduced in Europe (Wilcox, 2010). GMO regulation in the United States is very confusing because the EPA, USDA, and FDA deal with different aspects of GMOs. The EPA evaluate GMO plants to make sure that they are safe for the environment. The USDA ensures that the plant is safe to grow, and the FDA makes sure the plant is safe to consume. The problem with GMO regulations begin with the USDA. The USDA do not require GM plants to have a permit if they meet six standards. The six standards
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