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Genetically Modified Organisms Controversy

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Genetically Modified Organisms
Producers have been manipulating DNA in the reproduction of their products before Gregor Mendel founded the modern understanding of genetics. Thus, genetically modified organisms -GMOs- are simply more advanced hybrids. The World Health organization defines GMOs as organisms in which their genetic information has been altered in a way that does not occur naturally (Blair, 2015). The controversy regarding genetically modified organisms has been prevalent not only in the agricultural community, but academic conversation as well. Although many organizations and individuals claim genetically modified organisms are malicious to human health as well as the environment, they are indeed the basis for healthy, sustainable agriculture that not only provide a quality product for the consumer, but a safe and nutritious product as well. First and foremost, to understand the controversy, one must comprehend why GMOs are are essentially utilized. Genetically modified organisms provide the foundation in which the term sustainable agriculture resides on. The world population is expected to increase to 9 billion by the year 2050; therefore, the world must increase food production by 100%.
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Many products aimed at bio-fortification are in the production process within the agricultural industry. Developing countries that struggle with malnutrition are the main concern for this area of study. The FAO stated, “ For example, genes responsible for producing the precursor of vitamin A have been inserted into rice plants, which have higher levels of vitamin A in their grain. This is called Golden Rice. As rice feeds more than 50 percent of the world's population, it could help reduce vitamin A deficiency, which is a serious problem in the developing world.” (FAO, 2003). This nutritional advancement is only possible with the utilization of genetically modified
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